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Dr. Stanley Jeffers
stanj@yorku.ca
Tel: 416-736-2100, ext. 33851

Department of Physics and Astronomy
York University
North York, ON M6P 3C3
Canada

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Jeffers, Dr. Stanley     (Easy Link: http://www.worldsci.org/people/Stanley_Jeffers)
Associate Professor of Physics

Interests: Electrodynamics, Quantum Theory, Experiments
Nationality: English Canadian

Related Websites:
Faculty of Science and Engi... York University | Physics &...


Books:
2002The Enigmatic Photon - Volume 3: Theory and Practice of the B(3) Field
2000Jean-Pierre Vigier and the Stochastic Interpretation of Quantum Mechanics
1998Causality and Locality in Modern Physics (Fundamental Theories of Physics)
1998The Present Status of the Quantum Theory of Light (Fundamental Theories of Physics)

Abstracts Online:
2003Realism and the Realized Popper Experiment
1997The Status of the Experimental Evidence for the B(3) Field
2003Effects of Frontal Lobe Lesions on Intentionality and Random Physical Systems
2003Physics and Claims for Anomalous Effects Related to Consciousness

Event Attendence:
2012-08-15PIRT XIV / Vigier VIII: The Physics of Reality: Space, Time, Matter, CosmosConference (Absentia)
2010-07-127th Symposium in Honour of Jean-Pierre VigierAwards
2003-01-014th Vigier Symposium: Beyond The Standard Model: Searching For Unity In PhysicsConference
1997-08-012nd Vigier Symposium: Causality and Locality in Modern PhysicsConference
1995-08-011st Vigier Symposium: The Present Status of the Quantum Theory of LightConference

Biography

Degrees

  • 1968     Ph.D., D.I.C Opto-electronics, Imperial College, University of London
  • 1963     B.Sc., A.R.C.S. Physics (Special Honours), Imperial College, University of London

Scholarly and Professional Memberships

  • International Astronomical Union
  • Associate Editor, World Scientific Series in Contemporary Chemical Physics

Selected Publications

  • Hunter, G. and Jeffers, S. Realism and the realized Popper experiment, presented at the Fourth Vigier Symposium, Paris (2003).
  • Jeffers, S. Physics and claims for anomalous effects related to consciousness. Journal of Consciousness Studies10(6-7), 135-52 (2003).
  • Freedman, M., Jeffers, S., Sager, K., Binns, M. and Black, S. Effects of frontal lobe lesions on intentionality and random physical systems. J.Sci. Exp.17(3) (2003).
  • Evans, M.V. and Jeffers, S. The present status of the Quantum theory of light, in modern non-linear optics 3, 1-197, eds. I.Prigogene and S.A.Rice. Interscience (2001).
  • Jeffers, S., Lehnert, B., Abramson, N. and Chebotarev, L. Jean-Pierre Vigier and the stochastic interpretation of Quantum mechanics, Apeiron Press, Montreal (2000).

Current Research Projects

  • Interpretation of recent experiments bearing on quantum mechanics.
  • Analysis of extensive data gleaned from teaching large first year classes on claims for the efficacy of TEL (Technology Enhanced Learning).

Courses Taught

  • SC/NATS 1710  6.00     The Nature and Growth of Scientific Thought
  • SC/PHYS 1510  4.00     Introduction to Physics

Interference and diffraction phenomena have been studied using Maxwell's equations yielding amplitude, phase and Poynting vector spatial distributions for a variety of geometries. This analysis has been used to refute claims that a pulsed microwave double slit experiment might challenge Complementarity. Recent work has concerned experimental checks on the recent suggestion that the classical electromagnetic field may, if circularly polarised, carry a longitudinal, constant component, the so-called B(3) field.


Books by Dr. Stanley Jeffers



View count: 3938
Jean-Pierre Vigier and the Stochastic Interpretation of Quantum Mechanics

by Dr. Jean Pierre Vigier, Dr. Stanley Jeffers (Editor), Prof. Bo Lehnert (Editor), Nils Abraham (Editor), Lev Chebotarev (Editor)

Pages: 291
Publisher: C. Roy Keys Inc. (Apeiron)
Year: 2000
ISBN: 0968368956
ISBN: 978-0968368954

Websites: redshift.vif.com/BookBlurbs/vigierbook.htm
Buy it now

Description

Contents:

  • Foreword
  • Preface
  • Introduction: The de Broglie-Bohm-Vigier Approach in Quantum Mechanics
  • Model of the Causal Interpretation of Quantum Theory in Terms of a Fluid with Irregular Fluctuations
  • Dirac?s Aether in Relativistic Quantum Mechanics
  • Superluminal Propagation of the Quantum Potential in the Causal Interpretation of Quantum Mechanics
  • Model of Quantum Statistics in Terms of a Fluid with Irregular Stochastic Fluctuations Propagating at the Velocity of Light: A Derivation of Nelson?s Equations
  • Relativistic Hydrodynamics of Rotating Fluid Masses
  • Causal Superluminal Interpretation of the Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen Paradox
  • Action-at-a-Distance and Causality in the Stochastic Interpretation of Quantum Mechanics
  • De Broglie?s Wave Particle Duality in the Stochastic Interpretation of Quantum Mechanics: A Testable Physical Assumption
  • Nonlinear Klein-Gordon Equation Carrying a Nondispersive Solitonlike Singularity
  • Relativistic Wave Equations with Quantum Potential Nonlinearity
  • Causal Particle Trajectories and the Interpretation of Quantum Mechanics
  • New Theoretical Implications of Neutron Interferometric Double Resonance Experiments
  • Positive Probabilities and the Principle of Equivalence for Spin-Zero Particles in the Causal Stochastic Interpretation of Quantum Mechanics
  • Markov Process at the Velocity of Light: The Klein-Gordon Statistic
  • Description of Spin in the Causal Stochastic Interpretation of Proca-Maxwell Waves: Theory of Einstein?s "Ghost Waves"
  • Possible Test of the Reality of Superluminal Phase Waves and Particle Phase Space Motions in the Einstein-de Broglie-Bohm Causal Stochastic Interpretation of Quantum Mechanics
  • Possible Experimental Test of the Wave Packet Collapse
  • Testing Wave-Particle Dualism with Time-Dependent Neutron Interferometry
  • Energy Conservation and Complementary in Neutron Single-Crystal Interferometry
  • Time-Dependent Neutron Interferometry: Evidence in Favour of de Broglie Waves
  • Causal Stochastic Prediction of the Nonlinear Photoelectric Effects in Coherent Intersecting Laser Beams
  • Fundamental Problems of Quantum Physics
  • Bibliography of works by Jean-Pierre Vigier

This book serves as a useful reminder that the widespread belief that the quantum world is irreducibly weird, indeterministic, unvisualizable, and dependent on human observation, is not required by experimental results, and that a causal, more rational and intuitive interpretation is possible.

The book was compiled as a tribute to Jean-Pierre Vigier on the occasion of his 80th birthday. It begins with a preface by Stanley Jeffers outlining Vigier's life. He worked closely with Louis de Broglie and David Bohm, and helped to pioneer the de Broglie-Bohm-Vigier approach to quantum physics, also known as the causal stochastic interpretation. The main features of this approach and how it evolved are explained in an introduction by Lev Chebotarev. The bulk of the book consists of 22 facsimile reprints of papers on quantum mechanics authored or coauthored by J.P. Vigier. There is also a biography of Vigier's works. Most of the papers are, at least in part, highly technical, but much of the discussion and analysis of the contending interpretations of quantum physics can be readily understood by nonspecialists.

As Chebotarev points out, while quantum mechanics works impeccably as a mathematical tool, 'the conceptual situation in quantum mechanics appears to be the most disturbing in modern physics'. Seventy years after the advent of quantum theory, 'there is still no clear idea as to what its mathematics is actually telling us' (p. 1).

A central tenet of the standard Copenhagen interpretation of quantum mechanics, as developed by Bohr, Heisenberg, Born, and Pauli, is that 'There is no quantum world, there is only an abstract quantum physical description'. But what does the mathematical formalism actually describe? It is hard to believe that the quantum world underlying our material, macroscopic world consists of nothing but abstract 'probability waves' that somehow 'collapse' into particle-like objectivity whenever a measurement is made (or, according to some theorists, whenever a measurement is registered by a conscious human mind).

Each time the position of, say, an electron is measured, it is found in only one place. In between measurements we do not know exactly where the electron is, but the wave function can be used to calculate the probability of it being found in any particular region of space. On the assumption that the wave function provides a complete description of quantum objects, many physicists believe that a particle does not follow a definite trajectory in between measurements, but dissolves into 'superposed probability waves', which then 'collapse' instantaneously, discontinuously, and quite inexplicably when the next measurement is made.

This probabilistic approach was strongly opposed by Einstein, Planck, and Schr?dinger, but it was de Broglie and later Bohm and Vigier who played the main role in developing an alternative. Chebotarev writes:

The central idea of the Stochastic Interpretation of Quantum Mechanics consists in treating a microscopic object exhibiting a dual wave-particle nature as composed of a particle in the proper sense of the word (a small region in space with a high concentration of energy), and of an associated wave that guides the particle's motion. Both the particle and the wave are considered to be real, physically observable, and objectively existing entities. (p. 2)

Particles are pictured as oscillators (or solitons) beating in phase with their surrounding pilot waves, which in turn result from the superposition of superluminal phase waves carried by a subquantal etheric medium subject to constant stochastic fluctuations. The force, or quantum potential, determining particle motions therefore carries information from the entire environment, accounting for the 'wholeness' of quantum phenomena.

The causal stochastic approach can account for all the quantum properties of matter, including all the so-called paradoxes. It therefore disproves the claim that the quantum formalism requires us to abandon not only the quest for an explanation of quantum phenomena but also the concepts of causality, continuity, and the objective reality of individual microobjects. In Vigier's view, the Copenhagen interpretation is based on 'arbitrary philosophical assumptions', and its insistence on the absolute and final character of indeterminacy is dogmatic.

The causal stochastic approach is 'the only known interpretation of quantum mechanics in terms of which all quantum effects can be explained on the basis of causal continuous motions in space and time' (p. 142). It has no place for the ill-defined notion of wave-packet collapse. There is only a 'pseudo-collapse', which 'simply represents a change of our knowledge and does not correspond to any real physical changes in the state of the system' (p. 147). Vigier says that even if the quantum-potential approach 'is not taken as a fully satisfactory description of quantum mechanical reality, it at least shows in a clear way the features that such a description must entail' (p. 169).

In the causal approach, therefore, 'the material world has an existence independent of the knowledge of observers' (p. 170). Vigier does not discuss possible explanations for genuine psychokinesis ('mind over matter'). However, invoking the abstract notion of wave-function collapse certainly contributes nothing to a concrete understanding of such phenomena (see Pratt, 1997). Bohm believed that the causal interpretation opened the door to the creative operation of deeper, subtler, more mindlike levels of reality. Like Bohm, Vigier stresses that it is by no means a return to the classical mechanistic worldview. Some of his statements, however, seem to deny the existence of free will (pp. 50-51, 99-100), though he acknowledges that, given the fundamental complexity of nature, 'The ghost cannot be exorcized from the machine' (p. 169).

Vigier shows how, in stark contrast to the Copenhagen interpretation, the causal interpretation is able to provide an intelligible and visualizable explanation of key experiments such as the double-slit experiment and neutron-interferometry experiments (pp. 137-72). In the double-slit experiment, if both slits are open an interference pattern builds up on the screen even if electrons approach the slits one at a time. In the Copenhagen interpretation, a single particle supposedly passes in some indefinable sense through both slits and interferes with itself, whereas in the causal approach each particle passes through only one slit whereas the pilot wave passes through both. If a device is used to detect through which slit each particle travels, the interference pattern disappears. In the Copenhagen interpretation, the measurement collapses the wave function, whereas in the causal approach it affects the real pilot wave. The Copenhagen interpretation claims that any path-determining measurement will destroy the interference pattern, whereas the causal interpretation predicts that interference will persist if future techniques allow a sufficiently subtle, nondemolition measurement to be performed.

Neutron-interferometry experiments reproduce the double-slit configuration with massive particles and introduce new interaction possibilities through neutron spin. In these experiments, something exchanges energy with the spin-flip coils in the two arms of the interferometer, and this interaction almost certainly involves real neutrons rather than nebulous probability waves. Although such experiments cannot yet determine the path of each individual neutron, they prove 'the incompleteness of the quantum-mechanical Copenhagen description because the persistence of an interference pattern is combined with the existence of a definite trajectory for each particle, a fact forbidden in the Copenhagen interpretation' (p. 257). In other words, the wave and particle aspects of matter can manifest simultaneously in the same experimental setup, thereby contradicting the complementarity principle.

Vigier argues that quantum entanglement (EPR-type) experiments leave no doubt that quantum mechanics is a nonlocal theory, i.e. that quantum systems can show correlations that cannot be explained in terms of classical forces or signals propagating at or slower than the speed of light. However, the EPR experiments conducted to date still contain loopholes, and Chebotarev puts the probability of nonlocal connections at about 90% (for a dissident view, see Thompson, 1998). Vigier proposes that nonlocal interactions are not absolutely instantaneous but causal and superluminal; they are mediated by the quantum potential, carried by superluminal phase waves in a Dirac-type ether consisting of superfluid states of particle-antiparticle pairs. (If superluminal connections were brought about by individual particles rather than phase waves, this would contradict relativity theory, which Vigier upholds.)

Vigier writes:

In my opinion the most important development to be expected in the near future concerning the foundations of quantum physics is a revival, in modern covariant form, of the ether concept of the founding fathers of the theory of light. [I]t now appears that the vacuum is a real physical medium which presents some surprising properties. (p. 272)

In several places he refers to the 'negative result' of the Michelson-Morley ether-drift experiment of 1887 (pp.63, 192). However, contrary to what numerous textbooks and popular science books claim, this famous experiment did not give a null result.

Vigier (1997a) himself acknowledges this in an article not included in the book, or even mentioned in the bibliography. In it he states: 'the observed effect was not zero in Michelson's famous experiment, as later confirmed by a (presently almost forgotten) set of very detailed and very careful experiments by Morley and Miller [Miller, 1933].' He presents a brief overview of the 'long set of remarkable experiments' conducted from 1881 to 1926, which 'are now completely ignored in the physics community'. These experiments detected a small but consistent and systematic ether drift of about 9 km/s.

Although relativity theory assumed a zero ether drift (and a constant velocity of light), Vigier (1997b) argues that a positive ether drift is compatible with special relativity if photons are assumed to have a very small mass. He also argues that Sagnac's discovery in 1910 of fringe shifts in rotating interferometers (the Sagnac effect) can be reconciled with general relativity on the same assumption. Whether the results of ether-drift experiments, including more recent ones (e.g. Silvertooth & Whitney, 1992), are best understood in terms of standard relativity theory is hotly contested (e.g. Galeczki, 1995; Hazelett & Turner, 1979; M?nera, 1997; Spolter, 1993).

Vigier points out the radical implications of non-zero-mass photons, as originally proposed by Einstein, Schr?dinger, and de Broglie:

If confirmed by experiment, it would necessitate a complete revision of present cosmological views. The associated tired-light models could possibly replace the so-called expanding Universe models. Non-velocity redshifts could explain the anomalous quasar-galaxy associations, etc., and the Universe would possibly be infinite in time (p. 273).

Vigier's book is an important contribution to the debate on fundamental aspects of quantum physics.

David Pratt
E-mail: dp5@compuserve.com

Journal of Scientific Exploration, vol. 16, no. 2, pp. 283-7, 2002



View count: 6780
Causality and Locality in Modern Physics (Fundamental Theories of Physics)

by Dr. Geoffrey Hunter (Editor), Dr. Stanley Jeffers (Editor), Dr. Jean Pierre Vigier (Editor)

Pages: 508
Publisher: Springer
Year: 1998
ISBN: 0792352270
ISBN: 978-0792352273

Websites: science.yorku.ca/research/Profiles/sjeffers/index.html www.physics.yorku.ca/people/jeffers.html
Buy it now

Description

This volume contains the proceedings of a symposium held in honour of Jean-Pierre Vigier at York University, Toronto, Canada, in August 1997. The topics of the contributions range from quantum mechanics and its interpretation, to particle physics, electromagnetic theory, relativity and gravity, and the relationship between inertia and the zero-point electromagnetic oscillations that constitute the vacuum. The fifty-two articles are arranged under the following categories: astrophysics-cosmology, the Aharonov-Bohm effect, electrodynamics, gravitation and inertia, light and photons, mathematical physics, particle physics and quantum theory.
Audience: This book will be of interest to graduate-level students and researchers.

Book Info
Contains the proceedings of a symposium held in the honor of Jean-Pierre Vigier at York University, Toronto, Canada, in August 1997. Topics include those ranging from quantum mechanics & its interpretation, to particle physics, electromagnetic theory, relativity & gravity, & the relationship of inertia & zeropoint electromagnetic oscillations in a vacuum.

 



View count: 6797
The Present Status of the Quantum Theory of Light (Fundamental Theories of Physics)

by Dr. Stanley Jeffers (Editor), Prof. Sisir Roy (Editor), Dr. Jean Pierre Vigier (Editor), Dr. Geoffrey Hunter (Editor)

KeyWords: Quantum Theory, Light

Pages: 572
Publisher: Springer
Year: 1998
ISBN: 0792343379
ISBN: 978-0792343370

Buy it now

Description

This volume contains the proceedings of a symposium held in honour of Jean-Pierre Vigier in Toronto, Canada, in August 1995. It encompasses many areas in which he has been active over the years, such as stochastic interpretations of quantum mechanics, particle physics and electromagnetic theory. The papers have been loosely ordered in the following categories: ideas about the nature of light and photons; electrodynamics; the formulation and interpretation of quantum mechanics; and aspects of relativity theory. Some of the papers presented deal with alternate interpretations of quantum phenomena in the tradition of Vigier, Bohm et al. The current experimental situation allows for the first time for individual quantum events to be studied, and this opens possibilities for challenges to the orthodox interpretation to be realised. Audience: This book will be of interest to graduate level students and researchers whose work involves quantum mechanics, electromagnetic theory, optics and optoelectronics.
1 Book Abstracts

AbstractAuthor
A Quantum-Digital Theory of Light Prof. Vivian Pope


View count: 2911
The Enigmatic Photon - Volume 3: Theory and Practice of the B(3) Field

by Dr. Myron W. Evans, Dr. Jean Pierre Vigier, Prof. Sisir Roy, Dr. Stanley Jeffers

Pages: 240
Publisher: Springer
Year: 2002
ISBN: 1402005180
ISBN: 978-1402005183

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Description

Volume 3 of The Enigmatic Photon develops the theory and practical applications of the B(3) field. The opening chapters are based on the Dirac equation of a single fermion in a circularly-polarized electromagnetic field, an equation which defines the way in which B(3) interacts with matter. These chapters predict the theoretical possibility of nuclear magnetic resonance at infrared and visible frequencies. The third chapter considers the optical Aharonov--Bohm effect due to B(3), and suggests a mechanism for action at a distance in electrodynamics. Subsequent chapters discuss the radiation theory of B(3) and relate it to the theory of fine photon mass. The final two chapters treat the theory of B(3) in cosmology and summarize future experimental developments. This book is a sequel to Volume 1, The Field B(3), which presents the first systematic description of the fundamental magnetizing field of electromagnetic radiation and Volume 2, Non-Abelian Electrodynamics, which deals with the development of the theory of the Evans--Vigier field B(3). Audience: This book will be useful to researchers whose work involves nuclear magnetic resonance.

Papers by Dr. Stanley Jeffers





The Status of the Experimental Evidence for the B(3) Field

(1997)

Dr. Stanley Jeffers
Department of Physics and Astronomy, York University, North York, ON M6P 3C3, Canada; stanj@yorku.ca, 416-736-2100, ext. 33851, science.yorku.ca/research/Profiles/sjeffers/index.html



Apeiron, Volume 4, No. 2-3, pp. 55-58
Keywords: longitudinal component, electromagnetic fields

Lookup: electromagnetic fields (3), fields (36), electromagnetic (46), longitudinal (7)

Abstract:

The current status of the experimental evidence for the existence of the proposed longitudinal component of classical electromagnetic fields is reviewed. Experiments are outlined which might provide more convincing evidence for the existence of this field.



Effects of Frontal Lobe Lesions on Intentionality and Random Physical Systems

(2003)

Dr. Stanley Jeffers
Department of Physics and Astronomy, York University, North York, ON M6P 3C3, Canada; stanj@yorku.ca, 416-736-2100, ext. 33851, science.yorku.ca/research/Profiles/sjeffers/index.html
Journal of Scientific Exploration, Volume 17, No. 3




Physics and Claims for Anomalous Effects Related to Consciousness

(2003)

Dr. Stanley Jeffers
Department of Physics and Astronomy, York University, North York, ON M6P 3C3, Canada; stanj@yorku.ca, 416-736-2100, ext. 33851, science.yorku.ca/research/Profiles/sjeffers/index.html
Journal of Consciousness Studies, Volume 10, No. 6-7, pp. 135-152


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