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Dr. Carl A. Zapffe

Baltimore, MD
United States

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Zapffe, Dr. Carl A.     (Easy Link: http://www.worldsci.org/people/Carl_Zapffe)
Materials Engineer (Deceased)

Topics: New_Energy
Interests: Mass-energy, Fundamental Particles, Relativity
Nationality: USA
Born: Thursday, July 25, 1912
Died: Thursday, December 8, 1994 (Age 82)

Memorial Wall: read / add a dedication

Books:
1982The Basic Equations of Relativistic Physics
1980/1982/1983A Reminder on E=mc?
1980On Mass-Energy Equivalence, Mass Increase, Muon Decay and Time Dilation
1977Seven Short Essays on (1 - v2/c2)- ? : An Epistemological Analysis of the Lorentz Transformation and the Chronometric Branch of Relativistic Physics

Abstracts Online:
1980The Hafele-Keating Experiment
1980The Michelson Centennial
1979A Magnetospheric Ether-Drag Theory and the Reference Frames of Relativistic Physics
1987Laser Fiber-Ring Interferometric Gyroscopes and Einstein's Second Postulate
1985Exodus of Einstein's Special Theory in Seven Simple Steps
1980A Magnetospheric Ether-Drag Theory and the Reference Frames of Relativistic Physics (Discussion)
1982A Magnetosphere in Relativistic Physics
1984Anomalous Sonic Booms
1986Cryptoexplosions, Brontides and Hydrothermodynamics
1986An Epistemological Analysis of Einstein's Gravitational Gedankemexperiment From Standpoints of Hyperdimensional Geometry
1985Exitus Acta Probat
1984The Great Ice Ages and Legendary Floods
1988Laser Fiber-Ring Interferometric Gyroscopes and Einstein's Second Postulate
1986Monotheism: A 13-Point Precis on Religion
1985M-Space and G-Space
1988The Star of Bethlehem
1985Stellar Aberration from Standpoints of M-Space
1984Which Creationism?
1985Astronautic Interferometry as a Tool for Space Odometry and the Cosmographic Mapping of Magnetospherically Structured Space
1990Propagation of Light Through Outer Space - A New Model

Biography

Born in Brainard, Minnesota, Carl Andrew Zapffe obtained a BS (1933) from Michigan Tech, an MS (1934) from Lehigh University, a ScD (1939) from Harvard, and a Doctorate (1960) again from Michigan Tech. He worked as a metallurgist at Dupont from 1934 to 1946, and thereafter as an independent research consultant in metallurgy with his company C. A. Zapffe & Assoc.  In addition to winning awards with Boy Scouts, he found time to author books and papers on topics ranging from metallurgy and Minnesota history to geothermalhydrodynamics, the Rotary Club and, of course, alternative physics.  Though spending his summers in the northern Minnesota of his boyhood, he retired in Baltimore, Maryland, where he died.

In Memorium

We sadly announce that Dr. Carl A. Zapffe died in his home on 8 December 1994.  Many readers of Galilean Electrodynamics are familiar with Dr. Zapffe's many papers critical of Einstein theroy, but may not know of his other contributions to science.  During the war years, many Liberty Ships were breaking up in stormy weather and sinking for unknown reasons.  It was Dr. Zapfee who discovered that hydrogen embrittlement was the cause. The U.S. Navy then asked him to set up a laboratory immediately, and that meant in his home, because there was no time for erecting buildings.  His work in hydrogen as a cause of defects made him the principle American authority in stainless steel, and his book published by the American Society for Metals was translated into Japanese[, and] was instumental in rasing the war-torn country from ashes to world supremacy in stainless steel. He was the inventor of fractography, both in term and technique, now in universal use in fracture analysis.

Dr. Zapffe held four degrees, from Michigan Technological University, Lehigh, and Harvard.  He was a Registered Professional Engineer and Nationally Certified Chemist, with doctorates both in research and engineering, and was the author of over 200 papers.

His education and interests were vastly different from Petr Beckmann's, yet they had much in common, including two doctorates, and a penchant for adopting wide areas of interest. The two men arrived at very similar conclusions about Einstein theory, not only as to what was wrong with it, but also what should replace Einstein's light-speed hypothesis.  According to Zapffe, light has constant speed with respect to the geomagnetic field of the earth - magnetosheric M-space, in his jargon. He disagreed with Beckmann, who thought that light had constant speed with respect to the earth's gravitational field.  Beckmann, on the other hand, had considered the magnetic field and rejected it. Experimentally, it is very difficult to distinguish the two ideas, and each one has strong merits. It may be that one or the other is right, or that both are wrong, but either man woudl insist that theory must bow to objective experiment. - Galilean Electrodynamics, V6, N1, p. 10 (Jan/Feb 1995).


Books by Dr. Carl A. Zapffe



View count: 2032
On Mass-Energy Equivalence, Mass Increase, Muon Decay and Time Dilation

by Dr. Carl A. Zapffe

KeyWords: new energy

Pages: 79
Publisher: Carl A. Zapffe
Year: 1980


Read it now online


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Seven Short Essays on (1 - v2/c2)- ? : An Epistemological Analysis of the Lorentz Transformation and the Chronometric Branch of Relativistic Physics

by Dr. Carl A. Zapffe

Pages: 51
Publisher: Lakeland Color Press
Year: 1977
ISBN: B0006CTYK4


Read it now online

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View count: 1093
A Reminder on E=mc?

by Dr. Carl A. Zapffe

Year: 1980/1982/1983


View count: 8370
The Basic Equations of Relativistic Physics

by Dr. Carl A. Zapffe

Year: 1982

Papers by Dr. Carl A. Zapffe



The Hafele-Keating Experiment

(1980)

Dr. Carl A. Zapffe
Baltimore, MD, United States


General Science Journal, (1 pages)

Abstract:

This short note appears in Dr. Zapffe?s paperback book, A Reminder on E=mc?.  It discusses his reasons for rejecting the Hafele-Keating result.




The Michelson Centennial

(1980)

Dr. Carl A. Zapffe
Baltimore, MD, United States


General Science Journal, (5 pages)

Abstract:

This unpublished letter, which appears in Dr. Zapffe?s book, A Reminder on E=mc?, was a rejected letter submitted to Physics Today, that took advantage of the occasion of the Michelson Centennial to propose an experiment to test his idea of a geocentric rest frame for electromagnetism. In this letter, Dr. Zapffe proposes the following: "However, we do have astronauts today, and space vehicles which should be capable of mounting a type of optical instrument for testing that exceedingly crucial point of (c+/-v) velocities. What an immense occasion if interferometer fringes should indeed develop as Michelson so fully expected.?




A Magnetospheric Ether-Drag Theory and the Reference Frames of Relativistic Physics

(1979)

Dr. Carl A. Zapffe
Baltimore, MD, United States
Click here to read an online version of the paper or slide presentation
Speculations in Science and Technology, Volume 2, No. 4, pp. 439-459
Keywords: Magnetosphere, relativity history, ether-drag, Stokes ether theory

Lookup: relativity (390), aether (102), history (15), drag (4)

Abstract:

Online ISSN: 1573-9309. Past issues administered by Springer. From Thinking Out Loud, David Pacchioli, Research/Penn State, V14, N3 (Sep 1993) http://www.rps.psu.edu/sep93/thinking.html Speculations in Science and Technology was the brainchild of an American in Australia. William M. Honig, an electrical engineer, had left New York and a career in industry in 1972 to join the faculty of the Western Australia Institute of Technology, in "the beautiful remote city of Perth." Honig had published numerous papers in his field. He was frustrated, though, by the lack of acceptance of some of his more speculative ideas in physics, and by what he called "the canonical policy of established journals." He had met a number of colleagues of like mind and, in 1977, he decided to do something about it. He assembled an editorial board of well-known scientists, including a Nobel Prize winner and a member of the Royal Society, and with some financing from his university and the rest from his savings, launched a journal of his own. "Recognizing the value of frank speculation as preceding theoretical and experimental construction," announced the opening editorial, "and noting that the informal dissemination of ideas has been impeded by the huge growth and differentiation of all scientific fields . . . we welcome papers dealing with specialised, general, and interdisciplinary topics in the physical, mathematical, biological, medical, and engineering sciences. No topics related to ESP, UFO, etc., will be accepted." Some 2,500 letters poured in over the first five months. (One early correspondent, writer Arthur C. Clarke, found Speculations "fascinating, but 90 percent over my head." Clarke couldn't resist offering up a few casual speculations of his own: "Is it possible to photograph, or make an objective record of, 'phosphenes,' ? the fascinating and infinitely varied images seen when pressing on the closed eyes? This would be of great psychological and optical interest.") There were "favourable but cautionary" notices in Science and the New York Times, among other publications. By the end of the first year, Honig was able to strike a deal with the publisher Elsevier Sequoia, of Lausanne, Switzerland; despite changing hands and continents in the intervening 15 years, the journal has been appearing ever since. The wealth of topics it has considered is boggling. The journal's pages have hosted lively debate on ball lightning and schizophrenic cognition, black holes and the prediction of heart attacks, body transplants and interstellar communication, as well as the perennial exchanges on the nature of subatomic particles.



Laser Fiber-Ring Interferometric Gyroscopes and Einstein's Second Postulate

(1987)

Dr. Carl A. Zapffe
Baltimore, MD, United States

Progress in Space-Time Physics , pp. 49-50

Keywords: Laser Fiber-Ring, Interferometry, Gyroscopes, Einstein?s Second Postulate

Lookup: interferometry (4), gyroscopes (3), ring (6), second (4), laser (4), einstein?s (5), fiber (2), postulate (6)

Abstract:

The Sagnac experiment and its successful application to yield a commercial laser fiber ring inteferometric gyroscopic compass shows that the velocity of light c is fixed relative to geocentric coordinates or the magnetosphere. Einstein's postulate that the velocity of light is c with respect to any observer is modified.

Also published in:

  • Progress in Space-Time Physics, Paul Wesley (Editor), pp. 49-50 (1987).
  • Speculations in Science and Technology, V11, N3, p. 214 (1988).
  • Toth-Maatian Review, V1, N2, pp. 2907-2908 (1988).



Exodus of Einstein's Special Theory in Seven Simple Steps

(1985)

Dr. Carl A. Zapffe
Baltimore, MD, United States
The Toth-Maatian Review, Volume 3, No. 4, pp. 1531-1535
Keywords: Relativity

Lookup: relativity (390)




A Magnetospheric Ether-Drag Theory and the Reference Frames of Relativistic Physics (Discussion)

(1980)

Dr. Carl A. Zapffe
Baltimore, MD, United States
Speculations in Science and Technology, Volume 3, No. 4, pp. 483-485

Abstract:

Aka "Replies to Comments on My Paper, " where "My Paper" refers to "A Magnetospheric Ether-Drag Theory and the Reference Frames of Relativistic Physics," Speculations in Science and Technology, V2, N4, pp. 439-459 (1979).



A Magnetosphere in Relativistic Physics

(1982)

Dr. Carl A. Zapffe
Baltimore, MD, United States
Indian Journal of Theoretical Physics, Volume 30, No. 16

Abstract:

Published by the Institute of Theroetical Physics, Bignan Kutir, 4/1 Mohan Bagan Lane, Calcutta, 700 004 This journal contains, obscurely enough, some of the leading papers in science of the 20th century, frequently and continually quoted in the Dissident scientific literature.



Anomalous Sonic Booms

(1984)

Dr. Carl A. Zapffe
Baltimore, MD, United States
The Toth-Maatian Review, Volume 2, No. 2, pp. 586-589
Keywords: Sonic Boom




Cryptoexplosions, Brontides and Hydrothermodynamics

(1986)

Dr. Carl A. Zapffe
Baltimore, MD, United States
The Toth-Maatian Review, Volume 4, No. 3, pp. 1964-1973
Keywords: Cryptoexplosions, Brontides, Hydrothermodynamics




An Epistemological Analysis of Einstein's Gravitational Gedankemexperiment From Standpoints of Hyperdimensional Geometry

(1986)

Dr. Carl A. Zapffe
Baltimore, MD, United States
The Toth-Maatian Review, Volume 4, No. 2, pp. 1912-1917
Keywords: Einstein's Gravitational Gedankemexperiment, Hyperdimensional Geometry

Lookup: gravity (124), einstein (54), geometry (16)




Exitus Acta Probat

(1985)

Dr. Carl A. Zapffe
Baltimore, MD, United States
The Toth-Maatian Review, Volume 3, No. 1, pp. 966-971




The Great Ice Ages and Legendary Floods

(1984)

Dr. Carl A. Zapffe
Baltimore, MD, United States
The Toth-Maatian Review, Volume 2, No. 3, pp. 778-800
Keywords: Ice Ages, Floods




Laser Fiber-Ring Interferometric Gyroscopes and Einstein's Second Postulate

(1988)

Dr. Carl A. Zapffe
Baltimore, MD, United States
The Toth-Maatian Review, Volume 6, No. 1, pp. 2907-2908
Keywords: Laser Fiber-Ring Interferometric Gyroscopes, Einstein's Second Postulate

Lookup: einstein (54), ring (6), second (4), laser (4), fiber (2), gyroscopes (3), postulate (6), interferometric (2)

Abstract:

The Sagnac experiment and its successful application to yield a commercial laser fiber ring interferometric gyroscopic compass shows that the velocity of light c is fixed rerlative to geocentric coordinates or the magnesphere. Einstein's postulate that the velocity of light is c with respect to any observer is modified.

Also published in:

  • Progress in Space-Time Physics, Paul Wesley (Editor), pp. 49-50 (1987).
  • Speculations in Science and Technology, V11, N3, p. 214 (1988).
  • Toth-Maatian Review, V1, N2, pp. 2907-2908 (1988).



Monotheism: A 13-Point Precis on Religion

(1986)

Dr. Carl A. Zapffe
Baltimore, MD, United States
The Toth-Maatian Review, Volume 4, No. 1, pp. 1732-1764
Keywords: Monotheism, Religion

Lookup: religion (9)




M-Space and G-Space

(1985)

Dr. Carl A. Zapffe
Baltimore, MD, United States
The Toth-Maatian Review, Volume 3, No. 3, pp. 1423-1439
Keywords: Space

Lookup: space (104)




The Star of Bethlehem

(1988)

Dr. Carl A. Zapffe
Baltimore, MD, United States
The Toth-Maatian Review, Volume 6, No. 1, pp. 3017-3019
Keywords: Star of Bethlehem

Lookup: star (17)




Stellar Aberration from Standpoints of M-Space

(1985)

Dr. Carl A. Zapffe
Baltimore, MD, United States
The Toth-Maatian Review, Volume 3, No. 2, pp. 1162-1192
Keywords: Stellar Aberration, M-Space

Lookup: stellar aberration (8), space (104), stellar (14), aberration (16)

Abstract:

  • Critique by Wilczynski: V9, N1, pp. 4337-4347
  • Rebuttal by Zappfe: V9, N3, pp. 4565-4568
  • Comments by Milnes: V9, N3, pp. 4560-4572



Which Creationism?

(1984)

Dr. Carl A. Zapffe
Baltimore, MD, United States
The Toth-Maatian Review, Volume 2, No. 4, pp. 847-854
Keywords: Creationism

Lookup: creationism (2)




Astronautic Interferometry as a Tool for Space Odometry and the Cosmographic Mapping of Magnetospherically Structured Space

(1985)

Dr. Carl A. Zapffe
Baltimore, MD, United States
Speculations in Science and Technology, Volume 8, No. 1, pp. 61-72
Keywords: Astronautic Interferometry, Space Odometry, Cosmographic Mapping, Magnetosphere, Structured Space

Lookup: space (104), interferometry (4)




Propagation of Light Through Outer Space - A New Model

(1990)

Dr. Carl A. Zapffe
Baltimore, MD, United States
Speculations in Science and Technology, Volume 13, No. 1, pp. 43-51
Keywords: Propagation, Light

Lookup: light (157), propagation (8)


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