World Science Database
Home Scientists Abstracts Books Events Journals Experiments Topics Index More Find Login
Scientists Interests Profession Websites Notables Countries World Map Recent Memorials Memorial More


Dr. Halton C. Arp
"Chip"
arp@mpa-garching.mpg.de
Tel: +49 34-64-50

Max-Planck- Institut f?r Astrophysik (MPA)
Karl Schwarzschild-Str.1, Postfach 1317
D-85741 Garching
Germany

Map It

View count: 1576
Arp, Dr. Halton C.     (Easy Link: http://www.worldsci.org/people/Halton_Arp)
Astronomer (Deceased)

Interests: Astronomy, Galaxies, Quasars, Pulsars, Redshift, Big Bang
Nationality: USA / German
Born: Monday, March 21, 1927
Died: Saturday, December 28, 2013 (Age 86)

Memorial Wall: read / add a dedication

Related Websites:
Wikipedia: Halton C. Arp Atlas of Peculiar Galaxies Apeiron


Edited Journals:
Apeiron

Books:
2003Catalogue of Discordant Redshift Associations
1998Seeing Red: Redshifts, Cosmology and Academic Science
1994Progress in New Cosmologies: Beyond the Big Bang
1987Quasars, Redshifts and Controversies

Abstracts Online:
2000Cosmology: "Contradictions Between Theory and Observations"
1989Extragalactic Evidence for Quantum Causality
1998Evolution of Quasars into Galaxies and its Implications for the Birth and Evolution of Matter
1991How Non-Velocity Redshifts in Galaxies Depend on Epoch of Creation
1999New Empirical Clues for the Factor 1.23
1997Evolution of Quasars into Galaxies and its Implications for the Birth and Evolution of Matter
2005Observational Cosmology: From High Redshift Galaxies to the Blue Pacific
1993Empirical Evidence on the Creation of Galaxies and Quasars
2007The Observational Impetus for Le Sage Gravity
1986The Persistent Problem of Spiral Galaxies
2011Presentation of the 2011 Sagnac Award to Halton C. Arp

Media Online:
2004VideoThe Big Bang Never Happened - Part 1
2004VideoThe Big Bang Never Happened - Part 2
2004VideoThe Big Bang Never Happened - Part 3
2004VideoThe Big Bang Never Happened - Part 4
2004VideoThe Big Bang Never Happened - Part 5
2004VideoThe Big Bang Never Happened - Part 6
2004VideoThe Big Bang Never Happened - Part 7
2004VideoThe Big Bang Never Happened - Part 8
2004VideoThe Big Bang Never Happened - Part 9
2004VideoUniverse - The Cosmology Quest - Part 1

Event Attendence:
2008-09-072nd Crisis in Cosmology Conference (CCC-2)Conference (Video Conference)
2000-06-057th Natural Philosophy Alliance ConferenceConference
1999-09-17Redshifts and Gravitation in a Relativistic UniverseConference
1997-06-25International Conference on Special Relativity and Some of its ApplicationsConference
1993-09-27Frontiers of Fundamental PhysicsConference
1992-09-0713th Cracow Summer School of Cosmology on Progress in New CosmologiesConference

Biography

Halton Christian Arp received his Bachelors degree from Harvard College in 1949 and his Ph.D. from California Institute of Technology in 1953, both cum laude. He is a professional astronomer who, earlier in his career, conducted Edwin Hubble's nova search in M31. He has earned the Helen B. Warner Prize, the Newcomb Cleveland Award and the Alexander von Humboldt Senior Scientist Award. For 28 years he was staff astronomer at the Mt. Palomar and Mt. Wilson observatories. While there, he produced his well-known catalog of "Peculiar Galaxies" that are disturbed or irregular in appearance. Arp discovered, from photographs and spectra with the big telescopes, that many pairs of quasars (quasi-stellar objects) which have extremely high redshift z values (and are therefore thought to be receding from us very rapidly - and thus must be located at a great distance from us) are physically connected to galaxies that have low redshift and are known to be relatively close by. Because of Arp's observations, the assumption that high red shift objects have to be very far away - on which the Big Bang theory and all of "accepted cosmology" is based - has to be fundamentally reexamined.

Articles:


Journals Edited by Dr. Halton C. Arp



Name: Apeiron
Editors: Roy Keys, Dr. Halton C. Arp, Prof. Andre K. T. Assis, Dr. Peter Graneau
Status: Active
Founded: 1987
Website: redshift.vif.com
Contact Name: Roy Keys
Description:

Apeiron is a scientific journal devoted to cosmology and fundamental physics. It publishes only convincingly argued, adequately documented papers in English, as well as English translations of historically important texts.

Apeiron - Wikipedia


Books by Dr. Halton C. Arp



View count: 3118
Quasars, Redshifts and Controversies

by Dr. Halton C. Arp

Pages: 198
Publisher: Interstellar Media
Year: 1987
ISBN: 0941325008
ISBN: 978-0941325004

Websites: www.haltonarp.com en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Quasars,_Redshifts_and_Controversies
Buy it now

Description

For twenty years, the author has contested the 'establishment' view of quasars as the most distant objects in the universe. In this book, Arp presents the original observations and fundamental data on quasars and galaxies, and explains why he has concluded that: far from being the most distant objects in the universe, quasars are associated in space with relatively nearby galaxies; quasars' enormous redshifts do not arise from the expansion of the universe, but rather are intrinsic properties of the quasars themselves; many galaxies show redshift anomalies related to quasars' redshifts; quasars and galaxies have an origin far different from that assumed in the 'standard' big-bang model of the universe; many astronomers, despite the accumulation of compelling evidence, defend what Arp believes is a fundamentally incorrect assumption about cosmic objects.


View count: 1753
Catalogue of Discordant Redshift Associations

by Dr. Halton C. Arp

Pages: 234
Publisher: C. Roy Keys Inc. (Apeiron)
Year: 2003
ISBN: 0968368999
ISBN: 978-0968368992

Websites: www.haltonarp.com
Buy it now

Description

Dr. Arp has long advocated that quasars and other high redshift objects can be ejected from nearby lower redshift galaxies. This catalog presents numerous examples of the associations he finds between high redshift objects and their low redshift parents. The book begins with an overview of the patterns and then proceeds to an extensive catalog with maps, descriptions, lists, and recommended follow-up observations for each object. Seventeen color plates are found at the end of the catalog. The numerous examples are compelling and make a strong case for follow-up observations. The book is a good read and a great look!


View count: 1726
Seeing Red: Redshifts, Cosmology and Academic Science

by Dr. Halton C. Arp

Pages: 306
Publisher: C. Roy Keys Inc. (Apeiron)
Year: 1998
ISBN: 0968368905
ISBN: 978-0968368909

Websites: www.haltonarp.com en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Halton_Arp
Buy it now

Description

Arp's new book is a frontal assault on the standard model of the universe, replete with anecdotes and illustrations, including 8 pages of colour plates.

"Seeing Red" represents a senior scientist's personal account of the crisis in moderrn astronomy. Dr. Arp presents observations showing that extragalactic redshifts are not caused by an expanding universe. He crafts up an empirical picture of the birth and evolution of quasars and galaxies, demonstrating that crucial observations have been ignored and suppressed by the astronomy community. Finally, he cites examples of how academic science fails its ideals and potential. - Amazon



View count: 3390
Progress in New Cosmologies: Beyond the Big Bang

by Dr. Halton C. Arp (Editor), Roy Keys (Editor), Prof. Konrad Rudnicki (Editor)

KeyWords: big bang

Pages: 376
Publisher: Springer
Year: 1994
ISBN: 0306446359
ISBN: 978-0306446351

Websites: www.haltonarp.com en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Halton_Arp
Buy it now

Description

Proceedings of the Thirteenth Cracow Summer School of Cosmology on Progress in New Cosmologies, held under the auspices of the Omega Foundation and Apeiron, September 7-12, 1992, at the Physics Institute, University of L?d?, L?d?, Poland.

Halton Arp is the last of the creative thinkers in astronomy today. Being an astronomer, he is always careful to provide his readers with facts to back up his conclusions. This is another good, informative book. - Amazon customer

1 Book Abstracts

AbstractAuthor
Are the Galaxies Really Receding? Fred L. Walker

Papers by Dr. Halton C. Arp



Cosmology: "Contradictions Between Theory and Observations"

(2000)

Dr. Halton C. Arp
Max-Planck- Institut f?r Astrophysik (MPA), Karl Schwarzschild-Str.1, Postfach 1317, D-85741 Garching, Germany; arp@mpa-garching.mpg.de, +49 34-64-50, www.haltonarp.com

2000, 7th Natural Philosophy Alliance Conference, Storrs, CT, United States
Keywords: Cosmology

Lookup: cosmology (47)




Extragalactic Evidence for Quantum Causality

(1989)

Dr. Halton C. Arp
Max-Planck- Institut f?r Astrophysik (MPA), Karl Schwarzschild-Str.1, Postfach 1317, D-85741 Garching, Germany; arp@mpa-garching.mpg.de, +49 34-64-50, www.haltonarp.com



Apeiron, Volume 1, No. 5, pp. 7-9
Keywords: nature of reality, quantum mechanics, Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen paradox

Lookup: quantum mechanics (56), quantum (151), mechanics (76), einstein (54), reality (14), nature (7), paradox (31)

Abstract:

In the conflict between Albert Einstein and Niels Bohr over the fundamental nature of reality, quantum mechanics was the experimental data being interpreted. The Copenhagen school maintained, crudely speaking, that reality at the microscopic level was to some extent subjective and acausal. Einstein, on the other hand, believed that no event was without cause and proposed the famous Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen paradox attacking the conclusions of quantum mechanics as being self-contradictory. The paradox, of course, was that quantum mechanics was observed to be experimentally true.

The EPR proposal for an operational definition of reality was eminently sensible: If an event could be predicted with certainty it was real. The difficulty was that EPR did not discuss the aspect of locality. I would suggest extending their definition to read: To the extent that an event can be predicted it is locally causal; to the extent that an observed event is unpredictable it is real but only causal on a non-local scale.




Evolution of Quasars into Galaxies and its Implications for the Birth and Evolution of Matter

(1998)

Dr. Halton C. Arp
Max-Planck- Institut f?r Astrophysik (MPA), Karl Schwarzschild-Str.1, Postfach 1317, D-85741 Garching, Germany; arp@mpa-garching.mpg.de, +49 34-64-50, www.haltonarp.com



Apeiron, Volume 5, No. 3-4, pp. 135-142
Keywords: redshift quasars, evolution of matter

Lookup: matter (67), redshift (27), evolution (13), quasars (5)

Abstract:

In recent years satellite observations have recorded a number of point x-ray sources in the sky. Such sources are overwhelmingly identified with medium to high redshift quasars. These quasars can now be shown to originate in low redshift, active galaxies which eject them along their minor (rotation) axis. It can be empirically demonstrated that this is how galaxies are born and evolve. The observations invalidate the assumptions of Friedmann and Einstein in General Relativity and require a more general, Machian solution of the field equations in flat space-time.



How Non-Velocity Redshifts in Galaxies Depend on Epoch of Creation

(1991)

Dr. Halton C. Arp
Max-Planck- Institut f?r Astrophysik (MPA), Karl Schwarzschild-Str.1, Postfach 1317, D-85741 Garching, Germany; arp@mpa-garching.mpg.de, +49 34-64-50, www.haltonarp.com



Apeiron, Volume 1, No. 9-10, pp. 53-80
Keywords: redshifts, evolutionary ages, Hubble constant

Lookup: hubble constant (4), redshifts (6), constant (47), hubble (8)

Abstract:

Non-velocity redshifts of the brightest OB stars in the Magellanic Clouds are correlated with their evolutionary ages. It is shown that these excess redshifts are quantitatively predicted if the stars are made of matter created only ? 3 ? 106 yrs. later than the average matter in the Clouds. Intrinsic spectral shifts of galaxies and quasars are produced by relatively small differences in the epochs of their creation, though their average Hertzsprung-Russel diagrams are left essentially unchanged.

The Hubble constant is then quantitatively derived as a predominantly distance-intrinsic redshift effect which is a function of look back time, not as a distance-expansion velocity relation. Present estimates of the age of the oldest stars predict?on the basis of the age-intrinsic redshift law?a Hubble parameter of H0 = 45 ? 7 kms?1 compared to a recently measured value of H0 = 52 ? 2 kms?1 (Sandage and Tamman 1990).




New Empirical Clues for the Factor 1.23

(1999)

Dr. Halton C. Arp
Max-Planck- Institut f?r Astrophysik (MPA), Karl Schwarzschild-Str.1, Postfach 1317, D-85741 Garching, Germany; arp@mpa-garching.mpg.de, +49 34-64-50, www.haltonarp.com

Gravitation, Electgromagnetism and Cosmology: Toward a New Synthesis , pp. 115-132


1999, Redshifts and Gravitation in a Relativistic Universe, Cesena, Italy

Abstract:

The quantization period of the intrinsic redshift of quasars is characterized by the factor 1.23. The origin of this constant is not yet explained, but it could be of fundamental significance if found in other physical phenomena. Because the radiation emitted from quasars is a consequence of the interaction between elementary particles, the masses of leptons, quarks, mesons and baryons are here first investigated. It is found that their masses are related to each other by integer numbers as mk = moBk (where mo is the mass of the first particle in a group and k is the integer number). The quantities B depend on the particular group which the particle belongs to and are found to be simple functions of the fine structure constant, a, and the quasar redshift factor, F ~ 1.23.

The next larger systems are the atomic nuclei. The correlation of atomic weight A with atomic number Z of elements results in an empirical formula with F ? 1.2375. The masses of large gravitational systems are also examined, particularly the solar-system in which there are five subsystems: the first one is the Sun with its planets, and the next four are the planets with their systems of satellites. The correlation of the central mass Mc with the sum of the masses ms of all bodies orbiting the central one, is of the form ms ? const ? (Mc)F, where F is again about 1.22.

The Karlsson formula for the preferred redshifts observed in quasars is derived directly from the Bohr model of the radiating atom using the assumption that electron mass evolves in steps such that me,k = me/Fk. Here F is observationally measured to be close to 1.23.

The relationships found here between the fine structure constant and F and the radiation and gravitational properties of physical systems on all scales would appear to be numerically significant. If this is so, it is hoped this will eventually lead to an understanding of the basic cause of quantization on all scales.




Evolution of Quasars into Galaxies and its Implications for the Birth and Evolution of Matter

(1997)

Dr. Halton C. Arp
Max-Planck- Institut f?r Astrophysik (MPA), Karl Schwarzschild-Str.1, Postfach 1317, D-85741 Garching, Germany; arp@mpa-garching.mpg.de, +49 34-64-50, www.haltonarp.com

Open Questions in Relativistic Physics , pp. 267-274


1997, International Conference on Special Relativity and Some of its Applications, Athens, Greece
Keywords: satellite, redshift quasars, galaxies, evolution, matter, general relativity

Lookup: matter (67), evolution (13), general relativity (34), galaxies (16), satellite (3), relativity (390), redshift (27), general (45), quasars (5)

Abstract:

In recent years satellite observations have recorded a number of point X-ray sources in the sky. Such sources are overwhelmingly identified with medium to high redshift quasars. These quasars can now be shown to originate in low redshift, active galacies which eject them along their minor (rotation) axis. It can be empirically demonstrated that this is how galaxies are born and evolve. The observations invalidate the assumptions of Friedman and Einstein in General Relativity and require a more general, Machian solution of the field equations in flat space-time.



Observational Cosmology: From High Redshift Galaxies to the Blue Pacific

(2005)

Dr. Halton C. Arp
Max-Planck- Institut f?r Astrophysik (MPA), Karl Schwarzschild-Str.1, Postfach 1317, D-85741 Garching, Germany; arp@mpa-garching.mpg.de, +49 34-64-50, www.haltonarp.com


Progress In Physics, Volume 3, pp. 3-6
Keywords: Cosmology, Redshift, High Redshift Galaxies

Lookup: cosmology (47), redshift (27), galaxies (16), high (9)




Empirical Evidence on the Creation of Galaxies and Quasars

(1993)

Dr. Halton C. Arp
Max-Planck- Institut f?r Astrophysik (MPA), Karl Schwarzschild-Str.1, Postfach 1317, D-85741 Garching, Germany; arp@mpa-garching.mpg.de, +49 34-64-50, www.haltonarp.com

Frontiers of Fundamental Physics: Proceedings of an International Conference held September 27-30, 1993, in Olympia, Greece , pp. 1-11


1993, Frontiers of Fundamental Physics, Olympia, Greece
Keywords: creation, galaxies, quasars, extragalactic objects, string theory, quantization values

Lookup: creation (9), galaxies (16), string theory (3), quasars (5), theory (173), string (4), quantization (6), objects (4), extragalactic (2)

Abstract:

Simply the arrangement on the sky of extragalactic objects has long shown that the youngest, smallest quasars and compact galaxies have been created recently in the vicinity of older progenitor galaxies. Now high energy observations in X-rays and y-rays confirm these connections and require the creation of matter as an ongoing process marked by an initially high intrinsic redshift.

The nearest superclusters of galaxies show creation along lines in space originating from the central, ejecting galaxy. String theory may be pertinent. The existence of preferred values of redshift (periodicity) rule out, again, an expanding universe. Thet also imply quantum mechanical effects at the m = 0 creation points of particulate matter. No theory has been advanced, however, which numerically predicts the quantization values.




The Observational Impetus for Le Sage Gravity

(2007)

Dr. Halton C. Arp
Max-Planck- Institut f?r Astrophysik (MPA), Karl Schwarzschild-Str.1, Postfach 1317, D-85741 Garching, Germany; arp@mpa-garching.mpg.de, +49 34-64-50, www.haltonarp.com

Pushing Gravity: New Perspectives on Le Sages Theory of Gravitation





The Persistent Problem of Spiral Galaxies

(1986)

Dr. Halton C. Arp
Max-Planck- Institut f?r Astrophysik (MPA), Karl Schwarzschild-Str.1, Postfach 1317, D-85741 Garching, Germany; arp@mpa-garching.mpg.de, +49 34-64-50, www.haltonarp.com
IEEE Transactions on Plasma Science, pp. 748

Abstract:

Dec 1986



Presentation of the 2011 Sagnac Award to Halton C. Arp

(2011)

Dr. Peter Marquardt
111 Stolberger Strasse, Cologne D-50883, Germany; marquardtp@gmail.com, +49 (0) 221-54-3374
Dr. Halton C. Arp
Max-Planck- Institut f?r Astrophysik (MPA), Karl Schwarzschild-Str.1, Postfach 1317, D-85741 Garching, Germany; arp@mpa-garching.mpg.de, +49 34-64-50, www.haltonarp.com



(27 pages)

2011, 18th Natural Philosophy Alliance Conference, College Park, MD, United States

Abstract:

We have gathered here at the occasion of the presentation of the 2011 Sagnac Award to Halton ?Chip? Arp.

This reward is particularly close to Chip's heart because, while the other prizes recognize results or new ideas or new observations, the Sagnac Award recognizes and honors Freedom and Courage. Indeed, for Chip, a strong sense of freedom was required. Freedom to undertake new types of observations, critically examine current dogma, challenge common thinking, not giving in to the scientific social pressure.

This is, I imagine, one aspect of the freedom that the new Bundespraesident , Mr. Joachim Gauck, would like to see spreading widely throughout the society.

I would like to end by quoting the 6th paragraph of the preamble of the Swiss Constitution : Free is only the one who uses his freedom.


hotmail iniciar sesion hotmail inicio de sesion