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Anthony L. Peratt
"Tony"
alp@ieeetps.org
Tel: (505) 672-6410

551 Brighton Loop
Los Alamos, NM 87544
United States

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Peratt, Anthony L.     (Easy Link: http://www.worldsci.org/people/Anthony_Peratt)
Electrical Engineer

Interests: Plasma, Electric Universe, Cosmology
Nationality: USA
Age: 77
Born: 1940

Related Websites:
Plasma Universe Plasma-Universe.com


Books:
2000Plasma Universe: Beyond the Big Bang
1997Advanced Topics on Astrophysical and Space Plasmas
1995Plasma Astrophysics and Cosmology
1992Physics of the Plasma Universe

Abstracts Online:
1986Evolution of the Plasma Universe: I Double Radio Galaxies, Quasars, and Extragalactic Jets
1986Evolution of the Plasma Universe: II The Formation of Systems of Galaxies
1990The Evidence for Electrical Currents in Cosmic Plasma
1988The Role of Particle Beams and Electrical Currents in the Plasma Universe
2003Characteristics for the Occurrence of a High Current Z-Pinch Aurora as Recorded in Antiquity
2003The Origin of Petroglyphs - Recordings of a Catastrophic Aurora in Human Prehistory
2007Characteristics for the Occurrence of a High Current Z-Pinch Aurora as Recorded in Antiquity Part II: Directionality and Source
2008Searching for Rock Art Evidence for an Ancient Super Aurora

Media Online:
2004VideoThe Big Bang Never Happened - Part 9
2004VideoUniverse - The Cosmology Quest - Part 1
2004VideoUniverse - The Cosmology Quest - Part 2

Biography

Anthony L. Peratt (S'60, M'63, SM'85, F'99) received his Ph.D. in electrical engineering in 1971 from the University of Southern California, Los Angeles. Earlier degrees include the MSEE, USC, 1967; UCLA, 1963-1964, BSEE, California State Polytechnic University. He was a Staff Member at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (1972-1979); a Guest Physicist at Max Planck Institut f?r Plasmaphysik, Garching, Germany (1975-1977); a Guest Scientist, Alfven Laboratory of the Royal Institute of Technology in Stockholm, Sweden (1985); and, at Los Alamos National Laboratory from 1981 to the present serving in the Applied Theoretical Physics Division, Physics Division, Associate Laboratory Directorate for Experimental Programs; and as Scientific Advisor to the United States Department of Energy (1995-1999) where he served a term as Acting Director, National Security, in the Nuclear Nonproliferation Directorate.

Dr. Peratt's research interests have included numerical and experimental contributions to high-energy density plasmas and intense particle beams; explosively-driven pulsed power generators; lasers; intense-power-microwave sources; particles; high energy density phenomena, Z-pinches, and inertially driven fusion target designs.

He has served as session organizer for space plasmas, IEEE International Conference on Plasma Science 1987-1989; Guest Editor, Transactions on Plasma Science, special issues on Space Plasmas 1986, 89, 90, 92, 2000, 2003; Organizer, IEEE International Workshops on Space Plasmas, 1989, 1991, 1993, 1995, 1996, 1997, 1998, 2003; Associate Editor, Transactions on Plasma Science, 1989-; Elected member of IEEE Nuclear and Plasma Science Society (NPSS) Executive Committee (ExCom), 1987-1989; 1995- 1997; GENERAL CHAIRMAN, IEEE International Conference on Plasma Science, Santa Fe, New Mexico, 1994. IEEE NPSS ExCom Vice Chairman 1997; Elected to the IEEE NPSS Administrative Committee, 1997, named an IEEE Fellow, 1999.

He holds memberships in the American Physical Society, American Astronomical Society, Eta Kappa Nu and has earned the United States Department of Energy Distinguished Performance Award, 1987, 1999; IEEE Distinguished Lecturer Award, 1993; Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters, University of Oslo Physics Department, and Norsk Hydro Kristian Birkeland Lecturer, 1995. Dr. Peratt is Author, Physics of the Plasma Universe, Springer-Verlag (1992); Editor, Plasma Astrophysics and Cosmology, Kluwer Academic Publishers (1995); Editor, Advanced Topics in Space and Astrophysical Plasmas, Kluwer Academic Publishers (1997). - Biography of Anthony L. Peratt

Articles:

  • Peratt, Anthony L. ?Characteristics for the Occurrence of a High-Current, Z-Pinch Aurora as Recorded in Antiquity.? IEEE Transactions on Plasma Science 31(6): 1192-1214 (2003).
  • Peratt, Anthony L., J. McGovern, A. H. Q?yawayma, M. A. van der Sluijs, and M. G. Peratt. ?Characteristics for the Occurrence of a High-Current, Z-Pinch Aurora as Recorded in Antiquity Part II: Directionality and Source.? IEEE Transactions on Plasma Science 35.4 (2007): 778-807.
  • Peratt, Anthony L., and W. F. Yao. ?Evidence for an Intense Solar Outburst in Prehistory.? Physica Scripta 130 (2008): 1-13.

Alternate address: PO Box 1, Los Alamos, NM 87545-0001


Books by Anthony L. Peratt



View count: 1134
Physics of the Plasma Universe

by Anthony L. Peratt

Pages: 372
Publisher: Springer
Year: 1992
ISBN: 0387975756
ISBN: 978-0387975757

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Description

"The purpose of this book is to address the growing recognition of the need for plasma physics in astrophysics. In fact, astrophysics has contributed to the growth of plasma physics, especially in the field of plasma waves . During the last decade, plasma physics, or more appropriately, plasma science, has witnessed an explosive growth in two areas : pulsed-power technology and space physics. Both have led to knowledge that is mutual and complementary, and the material in this book largely derives from these new discoveries and their application to astrophysics. [..]

"Today plasma is recognized as the key element to understanding the generation of magnetic fields in planets, stars, and galaxies; phenomena occurring in stellar atmospheres, in the interstellar and intergalactic media, in radio galaxies, in quasars, and in active galactic nuclei ; and the acceleration and transport of cosmic rays . There are convincing arguments for the view that the clouds out of which galaxies form and stars condense are ionized : The problem of the formation and structure of these clouds and bodies, therefore, naturally belongs to the field of cosmic plasmas as well as astrophysics. [..]

"Together these problems form what is called The Plasma Universe, the basis for this book . The material presented dwell s basically on the known properties of matter in the plasma state. Some of the interesting topics in contemporary astrophysics such as discordant redshifts and other cosmological issues are not discussed here . The interested reader will be referred to the IEEE Transactions on Plasma Science, Special Issues on Space and Cosmic Plasmas (December 1986, April 1989, and February 1990), and Laser and Particle Beams (August 1988). [..]

"This book is organized into eight chapters. Chapter 1 is an introduction to the fundamental physics of cosmic plasmas . An attempt is made to review the known properties of plasmas from the laboratory scale to the Hubble distance. Chapter 2 starts the application of basic plasma theory to astrophysical plasmas in the study o f magnetic-field-aligned (Birkeland) currents and charged particle beams . Chapter 3 covers magnetism in plasma and the Biot-Savart force law, while Chapter 4 concen - trates on electric fields in space and cosmic plasmas . Chapters 5, 6, and 7 survey double layers, synchrotron radiation, and energy transport in plasmas, respectively. Chapter 8 covers the particle-in-cell simulation of astrophysical plasmas. Found throughout the book are examples that apply the material of the chapter or section to specific problems."



View count: 1175
Plasma Astrophysics and Cosmology

by Anthony L. Peratt (Editor)

Pages: 308
Publisher: Springer
Year: 1995
ISBN: 0792337840
ISBN: 978-0792337843

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Description

Today many scientists recognize plasma as the key element in understanding new observations in interplanetary and interstellar space, in stars, galaxies, and clusters of galaxies, and throughout the observable universe. Plasma astrophysics and cosmology, as a unified discipline, cover topics such as the large scale structure and filamentation of the universe; the microwave background; the formation of galaxies and magnetic fields; active galactic nuclei and quasars; the origin and abundance of light elements; star formation and the evolution of solar systems; redshift periodicities and anomalous redshifts; general relativity; electric fields; the acceleration of charged particles to high energies; and cosmic rays.

Plasma Astrophysics and Cosmology is an update on the observations made in radio, optical, and high-energy astrophysics, especially over the last decade, and addresses the paradigm changing discoveries made by the planetary probes and satellites, radio telescopes, and the Hubble space telescope. Over twenty contributors, all distinguished plasma scientists, present an entirely new picture of the nature of our plasma universe with articles ranging from the popular level to advanced topics in plasma cosmology.



View count: 1301
Advanced Topics on Astrophysical and Space Plasmas

by E.M. de Gouveia Dal Pino (Editor), Anthony L. Peratt, G. A. Medina Tanco

Pages: 308
Publisher: Springer
Year: 1997
ISBN: 0792345940
ISBN: 978-0792345947

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Description

In June of 1996, at the idyllic seaside resort of Guaruj?, Brazil, a renowned group of researchers in space and astrophysical plasmas met to provide a forum on Advanced Topics on Astrophysical and Space Plasmas at a school consisting of some 60 students and teachers, mainly from Brazil and Argentina, but also from all the other parts of the globe. The purpose was to provide an update on the latest theories, observations, and simulations of space-astrophysical plasma phenomena. The topics covered included space plasma mechanisms for particle acceleration, nonthermal emission in cosmic plasma, magnetohydrodynamic instabilities in solar, interstellar, and other cosmic objects, magnetic field line reconnection and merging, the nonlinear and often chaotic structure of astrophysical plasmas, and the advances in high performance supercomputing resources to replicate the observed phenomena. The lectures were presented by Professor Mark Birkinshaw of the Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics and the University of Bristol; Dr Anthony Peratt, Los Alamos National Laboratory Scientific Advisor to the United States Department of Energy; Dr Dieter Biskamp of the Max Planck Institute for Plasma Physics, Garching, Germany; Professor Donald Melrose, Director, Centre for Theoretical Astrophysics, University of Sydney, Australia; Professor Abraham Chian of the National Institute for Space Research, Brazil; and Professor Nelson Fiedler-Ferrara of the University of S?o Paulo, Brazil. As summarized by Professor Reuven Opher, Institute of Astronomy and Geophysics, University of S?o Paulo, the advanced or interested student of space and astrophysical plasmas will find reference to nearly all modern aspects in the field of Plasma Astrophysics and Cosmology in the presented lectures.


View count: 1191
Plasma Universe: Beyond the Big Bang

by Anthony L. Peratt

KeyWords: big bang

Publisher: St. Martin's Press
Year: 2000
ISBN: 0312093624
ISBN: 978-0312093624

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Papers by Anthony L. Peratt



Evolution of the Plasma Universe: I Double Radio Galaxies, Quasars, and Extragalactic Jets

(1986)

Anthony L. Peratt
551 Brighton Loop, Los Alamos, NM 87544, United States; alp@ieeetps.org, (505) 672-6410, www.plasma-universe.com
IEEE Transactions on Plasma Science, Volume 14, No. 6, pp. 639-660

Abstract:

Cosmic plasma physics and our concept of the universe is in a state of rapid revision. This change started with in-situ measurements of plasmas in Earth's ionosphere, cometary atmospheres, and planetary magnetospheres; the translation of knowledge from laboratory experiments to astrophysical phenomena; discoveries of helical and filamentary plasma structures in the Galaxy and double radio sources; and the particle simulation of plasmas not accessible to in-situ measurement. Because of these, Birkeland (field-aligned) currents, double layers, and magnetic-field-aligned electric fields are now known to be far more important to the evolution of space plasma, including the acceleration of charged particles to high energies, than previously thought. This paper and its sequel investigate the observational evidence for a plasma universe threaded by Birkeland currents or filaments. This model of the universe was inspired by the advent of threedimensional fully electromagnetic particle simulations and their application to the study of laboratory z pinches. This study resulted in totally unexpected phenomena in the data post-processed from the simulation particle, field, and history dumps. In particular, when the simulation parameters were scaled to galactic dimensions, the interaction between pinched filaments led to synchrotron radiation whose emission properties were found to share the following characteristics with double radio galaxies and quasars: power magnitude, isophotal morphology, spectra, brightness along source, polarization, and jets. The evolution of these pinched synchrotron emitting plasmas to elliptical, peculiar, and spiral galaxies by continuing the simulation run is addressed in a sequel paper.



Evolution of the Plasma Universe: II The Formation of Systems of Galaxies

(1986)

Anthony L. Peratt
551 Brighton Loop, Los Alamos, NM 87544, United States; alp@ieeetps.org, (505) 672-6410, www.plasma-universe.com
IEEE Transactions on Plasma Science, Volume 14, No. 6, pp. 763-778

Abstract:

The model of the plasma universe, inspired by totally unexpected phenomena observed with the advent and application of fully three-dimensional electromagnetic particle-in-cell simulations to filamentary plasmas, consists of studying the interaction between field-aligned current-conducting, galactic-dimensioned plasma sheets or filaments (Birkeland currents). In a preceding paper, the evolution of the interaction spanned some 108-109 years, where simulational analogs of synchrotron-emitting double radio galaxies and quasars were discovered. This paper reports the evolution through the next 109-5 ?? 109 years. In particular, reconfiguration and compression of tenuous cosmic plasma due to the self-consistent magnetic fields from currents conducted through the filaments leads to the formation of elliptical, peculiar, and barred and normal spiral galaxies. The importance of the electromagnetic pinch in producing condense states and initiating gravitational collapse of dusty galactic plasma to stellisimals, then stars, is discussed. Simulation data are directly compared to galaxy morphology types, synchrotron flux, Hi distributions, and fine detail structure in rotational velocity curves. These comparisons suggest that knowledge obtained from laboratory, simulation, and magnetospheric plasmas offers not only to enhance our understanding of the universe, but also to provide feedback information to laboratory plasma experiments from the unprecedented source of plasma data provided by the plasma universe.



The Evidence for Electrical Currents in Cosmic Plasma

(1990)

Anthony L. Peratt
551 Brighton Loop, Los Alamos, NM 87544, United States; alp@ieeetps.org, (505) 672-6410, www.plasma-universe.com


IEEE Transactions on Plasma Science, Volume 18, No. 1, pp. 26-32

Abstract:

With the advent of fully three-dimensional, fully electromagnetic, particle-in-cell simulations, investigations of Birkeland currents and magnetic-field-aligned electric fields have become possible in plasmas not accessible to in situ measurement, i.e., in plasmas having the dimensions of galaxies or systems of galaxies. The necessity for a three-dimensional electromagnetic approach derives from the fact that the evolution of magnetized plasmas involves complex geometries, intense self-fields, nonlinearities, and explicit time-dependence. A comparison of the synchrotron radiation properties of simulated currents to those of extragalactic sources provides observational evidence for galactic-dimensional Birkeland currents.



The Role of Particle Beams and Electrical Currents in the Plasma Universe

(1988)

Anthony L. Peratt
551 Brighton Loop, Los Alamos, NM 87544, United States; alp@ieeetps.org, (505) 672-6410, www.plasma-universe.com


Volume 6, pp. 471-491

Abstract:

Laser and Particle Beams (ISSN 0263-0346), vol. 6, Aug. 1988, p. 471-491. Cosmic plasma physics and the concept of the universe is in a state of rapid revision. This change started with in situ measurements of plasmas in earth's ionosphere, cometary atmospheres, and planetary magnetospheres; the transition of knowledge from laboratory experiments to astrophysical phenomena; discoveries of helical and filamentary plasma structures in the Galaxy and double radio sources; and the particle simulation of plasmas not accessible to in situ measurement. Because of these, Birkeland (field-aligned) currents, double layers, and magnetic-field-aligned electric fields are now known to be far more important to the evolution of space plasma, including the acceleration of charged particles to high energies, than previously thought. This paper reviews the observational evidence for a plasma universe threaded by Birkeland currents and particle beams.



Characteristics for the Occurrence of a High Current Z-Pinch Aurora as Recorded in Antiquity

(2003)

Anthony L. Peratt
551 Brighton Loop, Los Alamos, NM 87544, United States; alp@ieeetps.org, (505) 672-6410, www.plasma-universe.com


IEEE Transactions on Plasma Science, Volume 31, No. 6, pp. 1192-1214

Abstract:

The discovery that objects from the Neolithic or Early Bronze Age carry patterns associated with high-current Z-pinches provides a possible insight into the origin and meaning of these ancient symbols produced by man. This paper directly compares the graphical and radiation data from high-current Z-pinches to these patterns. The paper focuses primarily, but not exclusively, on petroglyphs. It is found that a great many archaic petroglyphs can be classified according to plasma stability and instability data. As the same morphological types are found worldwide, the comparisons suggest the occurrence of an intense aurora, as might be produced if the solar wind had increased between one and two orders of magnitude, millennia ago.



The Origin of Petroglyphs - Recordings of a Catastrophic Aurora in Human Prehistory

(2003)

Prof. Donald E. Scott
11001 E Santa Fe Trail, Scottsdale, AZ 85262, United States; dascott3@cox.net, (480) 659-6657, www.electric-cosmos.org
Anthony L. Peratt
551 Brighton Loop, Los Alamos, NM 87544, United States; alp@ieeetps.org, (505) 672-6410, www.plasma-universe.com
pp. 143, 120

Abstract:

IEEE International Conference on Plasma Science, Jeju, Korea, 2003, pp. 143 and 120.




Characteristics for the Occurrence of a High Current Z-Pinch Aurora as Recorded in Antiquity Part II: Directionality and Source

(2007)

Anthony L. Peratt
551 Brighton Loop, Los Alamos, NM 87544, United States; alp@ieeetps.org, (505) 672-6410, www.plasma-universe.com


IEEE Transactions on Plasma Science, Volume 35, No. 4, pp. 778-807

Abstract:

The discovery that objects from the Neolithic or Early Bronze Age carry patterns associated with high-current Z-pinches provides a possible insight into the origin and meaning of these ancient symbols produced by humans. Part I deals with the comparison of graphical and radiation data from high-current -pinches to petroglyphs, geoglyphs, and megaliths. Part I focused primarily, but not exclusively, on petroglyphs of some 84 different morphologies: pictures found in laboratory experiments and carved on rock. These corresponded to mankind's visual observations of ancient aurora as might be produced if the solar wind had increased (T. Gold) at times between one and two orders of magnitude, millennia ago. Part II focuses on the source of light and its temporal change from a current-increasing Z-pinch or dense-plasma-focus aurora. Orientation and field-of-view data are given as surveyed and contributed from 139 countries, from sites and fields containing several millions of these objects. This information allows a reconstruction of the auroral form presumably associated with extreme geomagnetic storms and shows, based on existent geophysical evidence, plasma flow inward at Earth's south polar axis.



Searching for Rock Art Evidence for an Ancient Super Aurora

(2008)



Anthony L. Peratt
551 Brighton Loop, Los Alamos, NM 87544, United States; alp@ieeetps.org, (505) 672-6410, www.plasma-universe.com


Volume 52, No. 2, pp. 43-52

Abstract:

www.penn.museum/expedition 52 (2): 43-52 (2008). For tens of thousands of years, humans have expressed themselves artistically on their surroundings? painting, etching, carving, and molding designs, decorations, and imagery on surfaces ranging from portable, often hand-held objects (such as animal bone and stone) to more stationary features of the landscape, such as scattered rocks, caves, and cliffs. The most famous early examples of this so-called rock art are the fabulous Paleolithic cave paintings from southwestern France and northern Spain, which date to about 15,000 years ago (see Expedition 47(3):20-24). Less well known, but far more common, are the petroglyphs (drawings or etchings carved on stone) that have been identified around the world. Besides a general human fascination with visual representation in different media, these rock art images can tell us not only about the people who made them?a broadly anthropological question?but also about environmental conditions of the past.

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