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This volume is a substantially complete presentation of the electrodynamics developed by Wilhelm Weber. Weber's force between point charges is explored and thoroughly analysed. Amp?re's force between current elements is discussed in connection with modern experiments relating to the Amp?re versus Grassmann--Biot--Savart controversy. Amp?re's force is a central feature of this work, as Maxwell maintained it should always be in the study of electrodynamics, although it is included in few textbooks on electromagnetism. A detailed study of this force is an outstanding feature of this book. Other topical questions of physics are analysed, such as a potential-dependent inertial mass, Mach's principle and the origin of inertia, action at a distance as opposed to contact actions, etc. No previous knowledge of the subject is required, and all topics are introduced with both their historical backgrounds as well as modern experimental evidence.
This volume will appeal to physicists, mathematicians, electrical and electronic engineers, historians and philosophers of science.
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Publisher: Financial Book Partners
Empirical science can't explain why the wind blows! The reason that empirical science is ignorant of this aspect of the weather, as well as the nature of clouds, the myth of evaporation and the movement of heat in the atmosphere is because Newtonianism prohibits reality from intruding into weather models which, while becoming more computerized and more complex, can't explain the simplest thing about the weather, why clouds move faster in the direction of the Earth's rotation the further north or south they move from the equator, in short, what causes the jet stream. Newton and his heirs claim, as a result of pure ignorance, that the Earth's rotation results from historical forces, that it gained its momentum from the mythical swirling mass of gas out of which our solar system was supposed to have condensed, the swirling mass of gas being substituted in the less religious late 18th century for Newton's God coming back periodically to give the planets a boost. If the planet's rotation is the result of historical forces, then if its surface were allowed to interact with the atmosphere, the atmosphere would produce a drag on the rotation that would long ago have slowed the Earth down to a standstill as far as motion around its axis is concerned. This conclusion is dictated by the fact that empirical science, unable to deal with the hidden forces that cause the motion around us, simply ignores those forces, eliminating them as properties of matter or historical events like the big bang or the swirling mass of gas. If the atmosphere cannot be interacting with the surface of the Earth to produce a drag on the Earth's rotation, then the Earth, by the same hogwash cannot effect the motion of the atmosphere when in fact, with the Earth spinning at 25,000 miles per hour at its equator, the friction of the planet with the atmosphere causes the atmosphere to speed up to that same speed. When the atmosphere is pushed up, not by evaporation, but by the sunlight breaking down the molecules of water into its constituent hydrogen and oxygen atoms, those atoms, lighter, are forced north and south by heavier air moving down from the poles, air that has been forced back down into the lower regions where the warmth of the Earth recombines the hydrogen and oxygen atoms, producing the weather we experience. But, with respect to the atmosphere that is moving north, while the further north the air moves, the slower the surface of the Earth is moving, until at the poles it is not moving at all, but just traveling in a circle, the ice crystals of hydrogen and oxygen continue to move at 25,000 miles per hour until they are forced down into the lower regions, at which point, they are forced to slow down. Meanwhile, the air returning from the poles, having slowed down, is now being speeded up by its contact with the ever increasing speed of the Earth towards the equator, producing the interactions of weather and the wind at the lower regions. Empirical science knows nothing about the nature of reality because it ignores the current force that causes the motions that define our existence, and when it ignores current forces, it creates fictions which don't explain reality. Once we realize that the Newtonianistas are fabricators of the first order, that the surface of the Earth does interact with the atmosphere, the nature of weather becomes crystal clear and we can see How the Weather Really Works!
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Publisher: Lulu Enterprises
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Publisher: Lulu Enterprises
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Publisher: World Scientific Publishing Company
This text treats what is conventionally called electromagnetism or Maxwell's theory within the context of Gauge theory or Yang-Mills theory. A major theme of the book is that fields are not stand-alone entities but are defined by their boundary conditions. It has practical relevance to efficient antenna design, understanding forces and stresses in high energy pulses, ring laser gyros, high-speed computer logic elements, efficient transfer of power, parametric conversion and many other devices and systems. Conventional electromagnetism is shown to be an underdeveloped, rather than a completely developed, field of endeavour, with major challenges in development still to be met.
... it is important to state that Barrett and Grimes have provided a excellent compendium of papers to support the paradigm shift that is occuring and must occur in physical science if we are to accelerate our understanding of the physical world. -- Fusion Information Center, Inc., 1996
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Publisher: Twin-Cities Creation Science Association
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Publisher: Alexandria Foundation
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Publisher: Edizioni Scientifische Italiane
"Blind commitment to a theory is not an intellectual virtue: it is an intellectual crime." - I. Lakatos
The present book developed as a selection of some of the more interesting contributions to the international conference Cartesio e la scienza - Descartes and Scientific Thought, which was held in Perugia, for the fourth centenary of the birth of Rene Descartes, from 4 to 6 of September 1996. On eof the aims of the meeting was, as explained in the "Introduction" accompanyiong the program and the abstracts, "to celebrate, by reviving it, the Cartesian spirit of unprejudiced enquiry". In fact, "in his survey of contemporary opinion, Descartes did not let himself be frightened by the assurance with which in his time (like in any other time!) the wardens of orthodoxy professed their own teachings: on the contrary, he made them pass a stringent and exacting examination, and did not refrain from declaring the invalid". Unfortunately, as it was suggested in the lines just quoted, even today the critical approach to received opinion is by no means generally appreciated as it should be. If, as Thomas Kuhn taught us, scientists are bound by their veryprofessional standing not to indulge too much in criticism of the "paradigm" they live inside and out of, most philosophers of science, too, seem to consider as a duty to accept the state of contemporary science as their theoretical horizon: science (they seem to believe) can be analysed, 'rationally reconstructed', or mined for methodilogical rules - but not questioned... - From the Introduction
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Tracing his life from its humble beginnings in Croatia, "Tesla - Master of Lightning" details his dramatic experiments with high voltages in New York and Colorado laboratories, his invention of radio, and his ground-breaking work in many other fields of science, including the fundamentals of computer and missile technology.
Many sidebars and 250 rare black-and-white images create an invaluable resource. Hailed by critics as the definitive work on Tesla.
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Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
This book offers a new approach to the subject which is both simple and direct, an approach which is logical rather than historical. By showing that lift is directly dependent on power and by treating rocket power as the logical lift source, the author is able to give an exposition of the science and mechanisms of powered flight which is unique in its clarity and simplicity.
While providing a foundation in fluid flow and airfoil theory, the work also introduces the fundamentals of propulsion, stability, performance, design, and control. All of the practical problems of flight in the subsonic and supersonic regimes' are discussed. The presentation throughout is thoroughly modern, and many of the topics covered (e.g., rockets, the mission concept, supersonic flight, etc.) are ones which older books either neglect or treat inadequately.
The mathematical approach of the book is simple without being too elementary. In order to emphasize the practical aspects of flight, the author has included 216 problems, half of which are answered (an answer booklet for the remainder is available).
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????/introduction of drilling engineering
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?????? ???/chapter 3 drilling fluids
?????? ???????????/chapter 4 optimization of drilling parameters
?????? ??????????????????/chapter 5 design and control of well trajectory
?????? ?????????????/chapter 6 well control
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Publisher: American Academy of Science
Hydrogen contains 1/3 the energy per unit of natural gas. Hydrogen has a low viscosity because of its small molecular size and for this reason it flows 3 times as fast through its orifice. In a hydrogen burner there is no carbon. The problem with hydrogen is that it burns to fast, forming nitric oxide concentrations. The solution is simple. At high temperatures, stainless steel mesh is an excellent catalyst for hydrogen combustion because it inhibits the mixing of hydrogen and air creating a high concentration of hydrogen around the burner. The result is nitric oxiding formation is eliminated.
The hydrogen internal combustion engine can provide equivalent power to a gas internal combustion engine with a few modifications. Without modification, an hydrogen burning ICE results in a 25 to 30% loss in power. The air intake in a hydrogen cylinder is 1/4 less volume than a gas based air volume. In a gas engine, the cylinder will occuppy 990 ml of air and 10 ml of gas, whereas, a hydrogen cylinder will have 750 ml of air and 250 ml of hydrogen. Power drops because there is not as much oxygen to react with the fuel. So, increasing power means getting a full charge of air into the cylinder through a technique known as Direct Cylinder injection (DCI). DCI fills the chamber with 1000 ml of air and then injects hydrogen under pressure into the cylinder. A computer control system monitors events and electronically causes actuators that regulate the flow of hydrogen into the cylinder. Dr Ridges discover a method using a solenoid which open and closed a valve, inhibiting and allowing the flow of hydrogen. Cutting power to the solenid opened the valve and power transmitted to the solenid closed the valve. DCI technology seems to have solved the power problem and computer technology seems capable of managing the ignition system.
Hydrid technology is stable. Dr. Billing points out that hydride storage systems are heavy. However, ECD has solved the problem of weight using Nanotechnology Carbon Wound Fiber tanks produced by a third party. The tanks are light weight and capable of maintaining pressures of 5000 psi. The next problem is refueling time. The current refueling time benchmark is eight minutes, five minutes is desired. However, if hydrogen slurry becomes a standard refuel times should be equivalent to gas refueling times. The final barrier to use hydrogen will be reducing the cost of hydrogen production and introduction of the new car technology into the mainstream market place.
A fuel cell is a device that converts hydrogen and oxygen into water while efficiently producing electrical power. More importantly, the higher efficiency of the fuel cell lowers the cost per mile of hydrogen to one-third the cost of fuel for an internal combustion engine. In a fuel cell hydrogen enters the anode as 2H and 2e; the hydrogen dissociates in the presence of the cathylst forming hydrogen protons and electrons; the hydrogen ions move across the membrane to the cathode and the electrons travel by electrical cable through the external load (electrical motor) to the cathode where they join with oxygen to become water. The hydrogen fuel cell car is competitive with the gas burning car. No new infrastructure is need to get started. Hydrogen fuel cell cars could be recharged overnight by the existing electric grid. - Amazon
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Publisher: Abhandl 116, Struttgart.
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Publisher: C.W. Daniel Company Ltd
Modern man has sought answers to life's deepest questions through an increasingly detailed analysis of matter. Yet results have proved elusive, point as much, if not more, to the importance of teh seeker's own mind as to the matter itself. Mystics, on hte other hand, have sought answers to the same mysteries through an inverse process: a 'turning within', studying mind and consciousness through specific meditational practices. But both have reached the smae conclusion: that mind and matter, energy and consciousness are too intimately entwined to be separately understood.
The Secret of the Creative Vacuum reveals the significance of this step, also outlining some of the profound and technological changes it will bring - including unlimited energy supplies. The introduction of John Davidson's unifying concept of the Formative Mind - a sthe Universe's hidden creation mechanism - reveals the link between enegy, mind and consciousness, also showing us the direction science must follow to find a meaningful and harmonious place in our lives.
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Publisher: Pyramid Publishers / DeVorss & Co,
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The Land of No Horizon is a book that confronts our greatest mysteries. It investigates such unknowns as; the origins of humanity, other intelligent life, the structure of the Earth, and the universe beyond.
Includes expanding earth.