## The Physical Meaning of E=mc2

Although Einstein’s popularization of E=mc2 made it the most famous equation in history, few people understand what it actually means in physical terms. Many popular accounts maintain that it describes the conversion of matter into “pure energy,” often construed as a kind of matterless motion. Today, “dark energy” and “dark matter” are spoken of as if they were two different “things.” Some even hypothesize that the universe was filled with pure energy before it became filled with matter. This estrangement between matter and motion (separability) is common in popular culture and underlies the regression in modern physics led by Einstein.

There will be no fundamental change in modern physics until we adhere to the opposing assumption, INSEPARABILITY (Just as there can be no motion without matter, so there can be no matter without motion). Without it, it is impossible to explain the physical meaning of the equation.

Like all equations involving aspects of reality, E=mc^{2} simply refers to the transformation of one kind of matter in motion into another kind of matter in motion and/or the transformation of one kind of the motion of matter into another kind of the motion of matter. The experimental success of the equivalence principal led to the further objectification of energy and that other infamous matter-motion term, spacetime. It was precisely at this point that Einstein left the realm of reality.

Energy actually does not exist and does not move. It is simply a mathematical description of the motion of matter. Matter does not “contain” energy, for matter only can “contain” other things in motion. Energy is simply a mathematical term necessary for describing and relating the various forms of the motion of matter. Similarly, Einstein’s objectification of spacetime led to the strange belief that the universe actually had four dimensions instead of three. Spacetime may be useful in some descriptions, but it is no more “real” than energy.

It is time to return to the two fundamental phenomena presented by the universe: matter and the motion of matter.

Glenn Borchardt, 2009

For more by Glenn Borchardt, visit his blog at http://thescientificworldview.blogspot.com/

I have rewritten this equation as D^5=MC^2. Where you place constants defines the scale and meaning of an equation. This is at the opposite extreme to the Schwarzchild radius. To arrive at this equation, you need to prove that all properties (wave functions) are products of Time and Velocity. Anything with units is a variable, they may appear as constants or severely restricted because they are “products of smaller combinations of Time and Velocity. If you calculate D with this equation for the Sun you get to Neptune; D^2 gets to the heliosphere. These are radius of various stages in the ether. Outside of that ether field gravity goes from 1/R^2 to 1/R, explaining the pioneer anomaly. You are then crossing into the field of space of the black hole at galaxy center. Although space is qualified, it rests withing an infinite structure.

Olinto De Preto, Italian originator of the relationship, explains it best and with more passion, coming before Einstein. When you listen to Einstein’s explanation he says mass and energy are related by “something”…..that something is Time and Velocity.

George:

Sorry, but energy is a matter-motion term, while D is a distance term. The two sides of your equation do not make sense. Also, matter exists; motion occurs, but energy does not. Energy is a calculation. For uni-directional motion, we describe kinetic energy as 1/2mv^2.

E = mc**2 was St. Albert’s attempt to save Maxwell aether theory from the Michelson-Morley experiment. He just took the observed results & made them his starting “hypothesis”. Since, like so many physicists, he refused to accept the idea of Newton’s Action-at-a-Distance, he needed some local ‘stuff’ to take up the energy when an electron interacted with another remote electron. This was the “EM Field” – a mathematical fiction introduced by Maxwell to represent his mysterious aether, which has never been seen. No aether, thus no field. Back to basics.

The actual equation should read: delta(Transferred EM energy) = Loss of local kinetic energy.

Very thoughtful and rightfully appealing Post, you (Glenn B) made — in my opinion. I.e., entitled:

The Physical Meaning of E=mc2 JAN 30, 2015GLENN BORCHARDTRELATIVITY2

Also very, very well expressed, I think.

Carl Littmann

time is a motion term, velocity is a motion term, and D is a motion term.

phi + phihat = 1 represents velocity + time = D ( all polynomial motion equations and additive systems, relative)

phi x phihat = -1 re[presents Velocity x Time = -D ( all proper systems)

From the above 2 forms all equations are derived. All secrets are hidden in numbers.

you terminology should be Time and velocity, everythng coming from these 2, everything else is your chinese, what you learned in school, hieroglyphs. mass = D^3T^2 = V^3T^5, so then what you see as D are merely 2 waves, one and its inverse, static motion.

Think total energy of a system.

Hi – I find your maths hard to follow. In your book you seem to jump in – do you have your theory described from first principles.

Funny – but I think you might like this – from Rudolf Steiner – On the 4th June 1924, Steiner qualified his previous discussions of the sun’s movement in a rather dramatic way:

“Physical science speaks of a movement of the Sun; and it can do so, for within the spatial picture of the Cosmos which surrounds us, we perceive by certain phenomena that the Sun is in movement. But that is only an image of the true Sun-movement, – an image cast into space. If we are speaking of the real Sun it is nonsense to say that the Sun moves in Space; for Space itself is being radiated out by the Sun. The Sun not only radiates light; the Sun creates the Space itself. And the movement of the Sun is only a spatial movement within this created Space. Outside of Space it is a movement in Time. What seems apparent to us – namely, that the Sun is speeding on towards the constellation of Hercules – is only a spatial image of the Time-evolution of the Sun-Being.” (The Festivals and Their Meaning, 1981, pp. 313-318)

Huh?

Good article. Very well written. Matterless motion is one of the (many) epicycles of our time.

E=mc^2 : E / unit volume = energy density = pressure = cosmological constant

mc^2: c^2 . m / unit volume = c^2 . mass density

pressure = mass density . c^2

compressible fluid dynamics equation : c^2 = pressure / mass density where c is the sonic velocity in a gas

Lorentz-Fitzgerald contraction term: square root of 1- v^2 / c^2

shock wave in air contraction term: square root of 1- k . M^2 where M = v / sonic velocity c in air,

where k = specific heat of air @ Constant Pressure / specific heat of

air @ Constant Volume = CsubP / CsubV

Equate c = speed of light, with c = sonic speed, in an energetic ether medium, that has the classical ether

energy density (ref. Charles Muses) of 1.4 times 10^30 Joules / cubic meter = 1.4 x 10^30 Pascal =

1.4 x 10^30 / 7000 [psi/Pascal] = 2 . 10^26 psi

Don’t get sidetracked by relativity; just apply compressible fluid dynamics to the energetic vacuum of the cosmos and select the transformation of coordinates that allows the inverted contraction term to be applied to the coordinates y and z to explain the expansion of the ether shockwave in y and z directions at super luminal velocities; something that I have not seen addressed in the relativity theories.

Glen,

I agree with your statements about kinetic energy being simply what it is defined to be: mv^2/2.

But what about potential energy?

I propose that fundamental particles (i.e. observable mass) are highly condensed ether particles. They are bound together with a force that represents potential energy. When a nuclear fission or fusion reaction occurs, the so-called missing mass is actually a portion of the micro-particles (i.e nuclei) that is disassociated back into unbound/free ether particles. The mass doesn’t magically “disappear”; it is transformed into a denser local ether.

And the potential energy that is released accelerates the reaction products. This is observed as kinetic energy of the fission or fusion products.

Jim:

You are correct that baryonic matter forms from aether (see our NGT paper). Potential energy describes the position of a microcosm within a particular macrocosm. Thus, the a change in the macrocosm can disrupt a previous univironmental equilibrium. For instance, removing a single pebble can result in a boulder being pushed downhill by collisions from trillions of aether particles. There is no reason this could not happen in the case of atoms, with some of the matter being ejected as aether particles or as small aether complexes. Also, some of the motion is likely to be transferred to the aether as electromagnetic radiation.

Ref:

Borchardt, Glenn, and Puetz, Stephen J., 2012, Neomechanical gravitation theory, in Volk, Greg, Proceedings of the Natural Philosophy Alliance, 19th Conference of the NPA, 25-28 July: Albuquerque, NM, Natural Philosophy Alliance, Mt. Airy, MD, v. 9, p. 53-58 [http://dx.doi.org/10.13140/RG.2.1.3991.0483].