Its about time to see the light and the etheric ether
Light is a wave motion, which means that light propagates in spherical or plane wave fronts. We describe these wave fronts by their normals, which is the ray direction. Therefore, the ray is, by definition, always orthogonal to wave fronts. The ray has no physical existence. The wave front instead has the physical existence. The ray is the concept we use in geometric optics, and in all coherent systems.
Although we do additions of ether wind, v, and wave velocity, c, we must remember that these two concepts are very different. c should be regarded more like a process, but v is a motion in a more common sense. Therefore, boundary conditions implied by mirrors are relevant in relation to c, but not in relation to v. So, light in standing waves takes the fastest way between between mirrors.
Coherent systems are based on the phase concept. In a telescope, or in a camera, the wave front is transferred into a point, and detected there. In cavities, such as laser cavities and MMX interferometers, coherent light is generated due to feedback by means of parallel mirrors. This produces standing waves, and, since light takes the fastest (not shortest), way between mirrors, the wave fronts are always parallel to the defining mirrors. Ether wind inside the plane of the wave fronts cannot change phase, and this ether wind is therefore irrelevant. The correct description of light in a coherent system is therefore:
(A is angle between c and v). Transverse ether wind is not observable in coherent systems. c defines the ray direction.
Not coherent systems
If we use light focused into a beam we can see the real motion of light as the direction of max amplitude. Amplitude modulation makes transverse ether wind observable. Therefore, correct description of light now becomes the vector sum
This is the beam direction.
Stellar and pulsar aberrations
Since the ray direction is relevant in a telescope we find that ether wind, v, cannot cause aberration in stellar light, and not in pulsar signals either. Stellar aberration is useless in relation to the ether wind. Instead, this effect is produced by the state of motion of the observer, u.
Michelson and Morley’s tests (MMX)
Since the ray direction is relevant in MMX there is no effect of the ether wind in the transverse arm in MMX, and no effect in Einstein’s light clock either. Stokes was therefore wrong when he, in error, introduced such an effect, and thereby reduced the prediction for MMX, by a factor of 2. It was therefore possible for Lorentz to use this gap to find acceptance for his concept dilation of time. A mistake that also gave us the twin paradox. To correct for this mistake we have to abolish time dilation, and instead make the concept contraction of bodies (not space) 2 times greater.
With a doubled value on the contraction of bodies we find this contraction to be equal to the reduction in 2-way speed of light. This is not a coincident, since atoms in a crystal inform each other about positions by 2-way ether based communication. We find therefore, that the effect in the longitudinal arm (about 10^-12) is compensated by contraction of matter. So, MMX is also a useless method.
We do not need time dilation to explain the behavior of atomic clocks. In these clocks bound electrons are orbiting inside the wave fronts from microwave signals. But these electrons are also moving forth and back in relation to the ether wind. The orbiting frequency becomes thereby sensitive to the ether wind . The frequency changes predicted by SRT plus GRT can therefore also be explained by one model, namely the ether wind. To do this we have to assume a vertical ether wind. Agreement to RT is found if we assume an ether wind equal to the speed of a satellite in a circular orbit at the same altitude as the ether wind.
As a side effect of this assumption we also find an explanation to gravity.
- Stokes did not observe the difference (around 10^-6 in horizontal light) between ray and beam, and he also missed the fact that the effect in the longitudinal arm in MMX (around 10^-12) is compensated.
- Stellar aberration and MMX are both useless in relation to the ether wind.
- Lorentz managed to hide Stokes’ flaw to the cost of individual aging.
- Einstein changed contraction of bodies to contraction of space, and also invented fantastic clocks that never could be wrong but could display different values on time.
- The addition of errors upon errors has made it difficult to see back far enough to see Stokes’ mistake.
- By introducing a vertical ether wind we can explain gravity in agreement to Fatio’s 300 years old model.
The difference between Michelson’s and Stokes’ interpretations of MMX are in my opinion important, and I have tried to initiate debate around that question. As you see on the last posts in this blog, the interest from CNPS is weak. I had expected comments both pro and con. However, I have got strong support from professor Hartwig Thim in Linz