The Creation of a Paradox
A Potier created a paradox 136 years ago, by changing Michelson’s prediction for the experiments (MMX), that he did with Morley. Potier reduced the prediction by half, and the missing part was later used by Lorentz to motivate the absurd concept dilation of time. The mistake was repeated by Einstein in his light clock. Time dilation implies individual aging, which is absurd.
Our models for light are incomplete, and it looks like the transition from light particles to light waves is not really finished.
In coherent systems (based on phase) we cannot see the real motion of light (the beam direction), but only the orientation of wave fronts defined by their normal (the ray direction). This limitation means that in coherent systems we must describe light as the wave vector and the component of ether wind that is parallel to the wave vector. Transverse ether wind becomes irrelevant.
Michelson assumed that the mirrors in the equipment defined the wave vector to be orthogonal to mirrors. He used the ray concept and assumed light to take the fastest way between mirrors. He therefore concluded that there is no effect of the ether wind in the transverse arm in the MMX equipment.
A Potier’s prediction
Potier had a different opinion. He assumed mirrors to define the vector sum of wave vector and ether wind to be orthogonal to mirrors. He used the beam concept and assumed light to take the shortest way between mirrors. He therefore arrived at an effect that was half the effect in the longitudinal arm of the equipment.
However, the mirrors imply boundary conditions that are relevant in relation to the wave vector, but not in relation to the ether wind. Therefore, the original interpretation, given by Michelson is the correct one.
The false reduction of the prediction produced a gap that later was used by Lorentz to introduce time dilation and introduce science fiction into physics. Instead of by time dilation, the behavior of atomic clocks can be explained by a sensitivity to the ether wind in the clocks. So, atomic clocks can do what stellar aberration and MMX cannot do, namely detect the ether wind.
More details are found in earlier posts on this blog and also in my article Fundamental Errors in Physics that was sent to Foundational Questions Institute.