The Confusion in Physics
Einstein’s relativity is not good physics, but rather a very bad philosophy. Einstein’s works demonstrate high creativity, but are combined with little self critique. The many errors have the ironic effect of splitting up the opposition and thereby making it difficult to refute Einstein’s ideas. His ideas contains many theories, with and without ether, and with and without cosmological constant; all of them are wrong.
Many opponents to relativity have missed the fact that the wave or particle paradox, and the twin paradox, related to the absurd concept of time dilation, were created when Einstein was a child. In the years 1880-1900 many scientists created something that was very tragic for physics; they produced the FitzGerald contraction and the Lorentz transform based on an assumed ether.
The time dilation in the Lorentz transform is a function of squared ether wind, v^2. A second order effect is not likely to change 1-way speed of light. I change in 2-way light speed would be a little bit more plausible, since the effect is of second order.
Michelson predicted, for his famous experiments with Morley (MMX), that light behavior is related to the ether and independent of the translational motion of the source in both arms in the MMX equipment; therefore, no ether wind effect in the transverse arm of the equipment. Unfortunately, most scientists were opposed to Michelson. They stated that transverse ether wind also had an effect in the transverse arm. They thereby shifted from wave to particle model, in the transverse arm only. This important mistake had the effect that the FitzGerald contraction was reduced by half, and the missing part was covered up with time dilation. The wave or particle confusion was also produced.
Michelson’s experiments failed, but the wrong interpretation of MMX had a bad influence on theoretical physics. Michelson alone realized that the mirrors in MMX are controlling light – and not the sum of light and ether wind. Therefore, the orientation of wave fronts is conserved and parallel to mirrors in both arms of the equipment. In other words: transverse ether wind cannot change wave front orientation. Transverse ether wind cannot bend wave fronts and cause stellar (or pulsar) aberrations either. Instead wave front bending is an effect of a gradient in longitudinal ether wind.
Michelson said: no effect of ether wind in the transverse arm in MMX. This follows from the fact that, in coherent systems (based on phase) we generate, and detect wave fronts and use the normal to represent these wave fronts. Wave fronts are real, but the normal is only a tool. The real motion of light (the vector sum) cannot be observed by coherent methods in systems based on phase. The direction of the normal (the ray direction) is not dependent on transverse ether wind. If we want to see the real motion of light we must use focused light. Real motion (beam direction) depends on transverse ether wind and can be seen as the direction of max amplitude (not phase).
The irrelevance of transverse ether wind means that:
- we have no ether wind effect in transverse arm in MMX,
- we have no ether wind effect in stellar light and pulsar signals,
- we have no ether wind effect in Einstein’s light clock,
- instead we find information regarding ether wind in GPS and Pioneer and fly-by anomalies and in gravity anomalies during solar eclipses.
To explain stellar and pulsar aberrations we must see that changes in observer motion demands that one and the same (moving) wave front must have a changed orientation in a frame in changed motion. So, aberration is an illusion due to own motion (a rain drop effect); not wave front bending. The ray direction must be regarded in the same way as the track of a particle. (If aberration was caused by wave front bending it should have an opposite sign.)
The second step
Together with Einstein’s relativity we must give up Lorentz’ relativity as well, and arrive at Michelson’s reality. Many dissidents want to save the Lorentz transform, which is impossible. We must take the second step backwards in order to come forwards, and avoid inconsistencies.
When the ether is back we can use it to describe gravity by a falling ether. Such an ether is spherically symmetric and can be united with the high precision in GPS (the global positioning system). The fact that bound electrons move forth and back in relation to the ether wind introduces a periodic fluctuation in their kinetic energy that can explain why atomic clocks depends to the second order on the ether wind.
Carel van det Toigt has suggested light to move independent of ether wind. This seems to be not completely true, but in coherent systems light appears to move independent of ether wind in the 2 transverse directions.
Wave or particle
The idea of photon particles has been said to be supported in a test with 2 photo detectors. The detectors were illuminated equally by a laser and a beam splitter. Equal amounts of photo electrons were produced, but not in synchronism, in the detectors. This fact has been regarded as an indication about light particles, but is in fact an indication only about electron particles. Electrons are individuals and emissions occur when an electron orbit happens to fall inside the plane of a wave front with suitable frequency.
- We do not need 2 models for the structure of light.
- We do need 2 models for propagation of light:
Ray, c, detected by phase,
Beam, c+v, detected by amplitude.
- We do need a contraction of matter 2 times the FitzGerald contraction.
We have seen that atomic clocks in satellites reduce speed due to radial ether wind (or GRT), and also due to tangential ether wind (or SRT). These effects are related to our planet. Recent experiments indicate that the same clock effect in relation to our sun does not exist. A probable explanation is that the effect from our sun is shielded by the strong gravity field generated by our own massive planet. The satellites have small masses and cannot do that.