Do they exist?
I have searched for them with mails and blog posts, but failed to see them. Critical thinkers should like to discuss with opponents, but I have found that members and directors in CNPS finish conversation when they see a great discrepancy in opinions, instead of regarding this as a reason for more debate. They write a comment in one sentence and after that they start to preach their personal religion, in mails and in blog ‘comments’. (See my blog.) I have touched this problem earlier in a post called Dialog or Monologs. So, we see that David’s good idea that we should call ourselves critical thinkers is mostly empty words. Critical thinkers should discuss with opponents rather than with supporters. So, most members are not searching for truth, but are seeking for confirmation of their egos. So, critical thinking is reduction of the number of theories by finding errors in what other people have done, and not invention of more theories. So, critical thinkers must first sort out errors before they can build a new theory. They exist (Hartwig Thim is one of them), but they seem to be few inside CNPS.
CNPS members complain that mainstream will not talk to them. In the same way I complain that CNPS members will not talk to me, since no member has provided a single logical argument, neither for or against my ideas.
Michelson-Morley tests (MMX)
In everyday life it is a good idea to stop trying after many failures; trial and error. However, it is not science to conclude impossibility based on a lot of failures, as was done when a lot of relativity theories were based on MMX failures. Failures do not produce knowledge and MMX can be explained in different ways; for instance, with compensation.
Assuming transverse electromagnetic forces moving forth and back, means that we also must regard longitudinal electromagnetic forces moving forth and back between atoms to control atomic separations. So, we find that the assumed effect of ether wind is compensated by an equal effect on atomic separations, that is equal to the FitzGerald contraction doubled. So, we do not need time dilation and MMX is useless. Time dilation was a mistake done in 1882 by assuming c+v, instead of just c, to be hold orthogonal to the distant mirror. This follows from the fact that mirrors are transparent to v. This was in conflict with the wave model and probably influenced by particle-based thinking.
Real and observable motion of light
Real motion of light is a vector sum, c+v, of wave velocity and ether wind defining the center of a beam. This concept cannot be detected with high precision and is therefore seldom important.
Observable (in a coherent system) motion of light can be described as c(1+vL/c), where vL is component in v parallel to c. Coherent systems can be based on mirrors, that are transparent to ether wind, and this means that an ether wind inside a wave front becomes irrelevant in systems based on phase comparison. So, instead it is the normal to the wave fronts that we can detect in coherent systems with very high precision. In coherent systems wave front normal falls along the optical axis – not the vector sum. This is the ray direction. The vector sum (or beam direction) can deviate about 1 micro radian from optical axis, due to the ether wind from planetary rotation. The ray is not physical, but a tool that can describe a wave front.
In 1882 an important error was done by assuming real motion to be valid in a coherent system of MMX type, instead of observable motion. This mistake caused the introduction of an ether wind in the transverse arm of MMX. Therefore, the prediction for MMX was in error reduced by half. As a cover up for the missing part the absurd concept of time dilation was invented. This was a devastating fault in physics. By infecting the wave model by a particle based thinking a duality in light behavior was introduced. Niels Bohr ‘solved’ the problem by substituting ‘paradox’ with ‘complementarity’.
As early as 138 years ago the wave/particle paradox and the twin paradox were created. So, the present confusion in physics is very old.
- Ether wind has the same effect on force fields between atoms as was assumed for force fields between mirrors in MMX.
- Contraction of matter is two times the presently accepted FitzGerald contraction.
- Interpretation of MMX did not regard the fact that mirrors are transparent to ether wind. This deviation from the wave model gave a false effect in the transverse arm in MMX due to a particle-based thinking.
- Time dilation is a cover up for a deviation from the wave model.
- Waves is all we need for light (and particles for matter). These two concepts are affecting each other. And this demands an ether for explanation.
No more mails
My negative experience with mails means that I now will stop writing emails. However, I will answer if anyone writes so called comments om my blog page. The blog is better, since all members can see it.
I have written so many articles in order to provoke answers that I have reached the max value and I am not allowed to write more there. Perhaps this will soon happen also to my blog. However, I hope that I at least can write comments.
Justin Jacobs wrote and posted an alternative explanation of MMX (see https://mmpsolved.com/ ). The basic idea is that the medium for the light was the air and the apparatus, including both arms no matter how they were oriented, were stationary with respect to the medium for light (i.e., the air) so no variation in interference pattern would be expected if the orientation of the apparatus was changed. What’s your reply to that basic idea or to the details provided in the reference?
If the medium were the air, than we should not be able to get laser signal from the Moon.
2-way motion of em-forces between mirrors can be compensated by 2-way em-forces between atoms defining atomic separations. So, compensation in longitudinal arm.
The distant mirror produces a virtual light source at doubled range. Conserved wave front. (See my 10 year old MEMO). So, not existent effect in transverse arm.
So, MMX is USELESS
I had a short look at the paper you linked to. This paper does not regard at all later results. The old assumption was an expected affect of 10^-8 due to planetary TRANSLATION. Later experiences from GPS indicate an expected effect of 10^-12 due to planetary ROTATION. So, all old experiments seem to be useless. Later tests indicate zero effect with a precision in the order of 10^-15.
Later experiments are also USELESS, but by other reasons. Assuming c+/- v in one direction implies sqrt(c^2+v^2) in orthogonal direction. In 1882 it was assumed that mirrors reflect the vector sum, but the mirror is transparent to v. So, ether wind is blowing inside the wa ve front and therefore: no effect in transverse arm of MMX. To have the speed c in the ether frame you must have sqrt(c^2+v^2) in the equipment frame.
The Sagnac effect and GPS (giving velocities in Earth entrained not rotating frame). Sagnac effect is NOT a rotating area but a translating line.
Regarding stellar aberration.
Just as in the transverse arm in MMX a transverse ether wind (v=10^6.c) has no effect in wave front orientation. However, a transverse MOTION (u=10^-4.c) can cause an ILLUSION of bending.
Regards from ____________ John-Erik
In MMX the distant mirror causes a VIRTUAL light source FIXED in the equipment frame. The returned wave front is therefore FIXED in the equipment frame. Therefore, NO EFFECT in the transverse arm in MMX.
This mistake caused the illusion of time dilation, twin paradox and wave or particle paradox. We do not need photons.
The beam splitter is sensitive to moving ether. The effects are opposite in the two arms, but in one arm the sign is changed by reflection. So, they get the same sign and compensate each other.