Individual aging — science or fiction?
The idea of individual aging has been productive in science fiction – and caused a dead end in physics. This idea is an effect of time dilation and caused by Potier in 1882. He changed Michelson’s prediction based on constant wave vector, c, to constant wave magnitude, c, in the equipment frame in Michelson and Morley’s tests (MMX). Therefore, Michelson’s prediction was changed in error to the half of its earlier value. So, time dilation had to be invented to cover up for the missing part.
The error was a disregarding of the fact that mirrors are transparent to the ether wind, and ether wind inside the wave front therefore is irrelevant in relation to a mirror. This fact means that, in the law of reflection in a mirror, we must exclude the transverse component in the ether wind and instead use the normal to the wave front – or the ray direction. This concept is the important concept in coherent systems, and it is also this concept that we can detect with high precision in big telescopes.
The vector sum of ether wind and wave vector – the beam direction – cannot be detected with high precision, and is not very important in advanced optical systems. Potier did not see the distinction between ray and beam, since the difference is small, but important in MMX.
A transverse ether wind is blowing inside a wave front without tilting the wave front, according to the wave model. Therefore, no ether wind effect in the transverse arm. This means also that transverse ether wind cannot explain stellar aberration. Instead, stellar aberration is explained by the fact that a wave front, with constant orientation in the frame of our sun, will get a changed orientation in the frame of our planet.
The separation between atoms in a crystal is controlled by longitudinal forces moving between atoms with speeds c+v and c-v; and the 2-way speed of light is caused by transverse forces in light moving with speeds c+v and c-v between mirrors. So, the ether wind produces the same second order effect on atomic separations as on the 2-way speed of light. Therefore, the ether wind’s effect in the longitudinal arm is real, but compensated and therefore not observable. This means that the FitzGerald contraction in matter should be doubled.
Physics went wrong in 1882 already. We have seen that the ether wind has no effect in the transverse arm of MMX, and is not causing stellar aberration either. In the longitudinal arm the effect is not observable. So, the theory of relativity is based on serious errors. The effect in the longitudinal arm is also hidden by the fact that the ether wind also affects the unit of length.
The wrong idea about wave front tilting was caused by a particle-based thinking, and this mistake also produced another paradox, namely the illusion of particles in light – the wave or particle paradox. So, deviation from the wave model was devastating for physics, and therefore, the transition from particles to waves in the light model is not finished, and we have more particle ideas to sweep out.
The idea of particles in light is apparently supported by the fact that the state transition in an atom consumes a very small amount of time, and also a very small amount of energy and is therefore not observable. Since we cannot see an analog process, we use a discrete representation in the model. So, quantization is caused by a mathematical reason and not by physics. Therefore, the fact that we use a discrete model does not exclude the existence of an analog process.
Another apparent argument for light quanta is Planck’s relation, ΔE=hf. However, this relation is not derived from the observations on light directly, but rather from the observations on electrons exposed to light. So, h can be an electron property, and not relevant for light.
So, the illusion of individual aging was produced in 1882 already by infecting the wave model with a particle-based thinking. This mistake also produced the idea of particles in light – the wave-particle paradox.
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