## A New Perspective on Heat, Energy and Entropy

**Frank Fernandes**. I don’t necessarily agree or disagree with his views, but I do agree that new ideas on entropy are needed, please comment and let us know your thoughts.

^{-7}x 137.036]e} x eV where eV = Temp T and where Boltzmann constant k is the curly bracket.

If by convention H = T S then entropy S has units of e which is Coulombs. Under the conventional understanding that energy E is Heat H.

The problem – If E is eVe then my interpretation is correct.

However if Heat is E is eV then the empirical outcome is not attainable.

The subtle point here is that heat H is energy E per coulomb or or the energy per one Coulomb.

The reason why we do not see the difference is that “one Coulomb” is like “one dozen” (e.g., a dozen oranges, a dozen bananas, a dozen apples). One Coulomb is 6.24 x 10^{18} particles – electrons, photons, ions.

Example: Mass of an electron 9.11 x 10^{-31} Kg. Energy E=mc^{2} of one electron is 8.187 x 10^{-14} Joules or eVe

Energy of one coulomb of electrons is 9.11 x 10^{-31 }Kg / e x c^{2} which is 511 keV. The eV unit is that of Heat or Joules per Coulomb.

What bothers me most is the lack of a solid basis. Most of what I see is work-around. This is this is this….. So I welcomed Dr. Peter Plichta, polymath, and his approach as laid out on his web site Plichta.de For those who are impatient, it is ‘number and element’ (number, not numeral) as the only one available and it is quite coherent and explanatory. Also, see Dr. Georg Michlo, astronomer, “The Push of Gravity” Vantage Books, mid-90’s, who collapses the haphazard collection of alphabetic formulae.

The author is equating apples and oranges. Heat energy is due to a difference in temperature. The coulomb is measured by differences in potential which corresponds to distance. You can’t equate one type of energy with another unless they are measured the same way, and there is no such thing as a zero energy so it is meaningless to refer to the rest mass energy of an electron.