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Charles William Lucas
The Electrodynamic Origin of the Force of Inertia (F = ma)

Date: 2009-11-07 Time: 07:00 - 09:00 US/Pacific (1 decade 4 years ago)
America/Los Angeles: 2009-11-07 07:00 (DST)
America/New York: 2009-11-07 10:00 (DST)
America/Sao Paulo: 2009-11-07 11:00
Europe/London: 2009-11-07 14:00
Asia/Colombo: 2009-11-07 19:30
Australia/Sydney: 2009-11-08 01:00 (DST)

Where: Online Video Conference
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A review of Newton�s Principia shows his dependence on his Existence Theorem for absolute space and time in order to explain the force of inertia and the centrifugal force in terms of absolute coordinates. A review of the history of Einstein�s General Theory of Relativity reveals his failure to establish the basis of inertia and the centrifugal force in terms of relative coordinates as Mach had shown was necessary. Einstein's initial reason for developing his General Theory of Relativity was to explain the force of inertia. In this work the force of inertia, including the centrifugal force, is derived from the universal electrodynamic force law based on relative coordinates. This is the first satisfactory axiomatic theory of inertia. From this electrodynamic perspective the inertial force is an average residual force between vibrating neutral electric dipoles consisting of atomic electrons vibrating with respect to protons in the nucleus of atoms and/or the vibrations of the positive and negative charges within the neutrons of the nucleus. The inertial mass is derived and shown to be equal to the derived gravitational mass resulting from the same universal force law.The vibrational mechanism for both gravitational and inertial mass causes the magnitude of both masses to decay over time giving rise to the Cosmic Background Radiation and producing Hubble's Law for linear increase in red shifts with distance or time. The derived electrodynamic inertial force has a second term, a non-radial R x (R x A) term, which describes certain observed non-Newtonian inertial gyroscopic motions discovered by British engineer Eric Laithwaite. Arguments are made that this derived force of inertia is superior to both Newton�s Force of Inertia (F=ma) and Einstein's field equations of General Relativity Theory, because (1) it satisfies Mach's Principle, (2) it is properly based on local contact forces instead of unphysical action-at-a-distance forces, (3) it is based on forces between finite-size particles instead of imaginary point particles, (4) it is based on relative coordinates instead of fictitious absolute space coordinates, (5) it is derived from a universal force law, (6) it explains the centrifugal force as a part of the inertial force, (7) it is simpler and does not need mass as a fundamental quantity, (8) it explains the apparent equivalence of gravitational and inertial mass which no previous theory has done, (9) it contains a new non-radial R x (R x A) term that describes observed gyroscopic phenomena not previously explained by any previous theory of inertia, (10) uses no known approximations such as space being homogeneous and isotropic, and (11) it contains relativistic type v/c corrections for high velocity.