Pushing Gravity and Aether
I agree to many of Glenn Borchardt’s ideas in the post below, but not to all of them. Since light is waves something must do the waving and thereby also explain the propagation of light and gravity. The ether, as assumed by Maxwell, must exist, as Glenn says. However, I do not agree with Glenn and van Flandern that Le Sage theory implies enormous gravity speed. Gravity in itself is constant and can therefore not reveal aberration in gravity from our sun. Gravity is a function of position but not a function of time. Therefore, speed of propagation becomes observable only if gravity is changing. LIGO can indicate a change, or an impulse, in gravity. This does not prove gravity to be constituted by waves. The separation between the 2 LIGO sites implies a time delay of something less than 10 msek, assuming light speed. The speed of gravity in itself is zero, but the speed of changes in gravity is c if ether particles move with the speed c. Le Sage assumes an ether with particles moving in all directions and gravity is produced by a disturbance in the spherical symmetry in this flow.
The model according to Le Sage explains gravity by an ether wind in radial direction. Therefore, on the surface of our planet we can expect to see a vertical ether wind causing gravity and a horizontal ether wind caused by the rotation of our planet. The horizontal component is demonstrated by the Sagnac correction in the GPS system. This idea is in line with experiments done by Ruyong Wang indicating that speed can be measured with the ether as the only reference. We cannot expect to see gravity or ether wind from other celestial objects since our planet is in a free fall. However, there is an exception during an solar eclipse. The reason is that the eclipse has effects only on parts of our planet. Therefore, we get a small difference in the effect in a point and the effect averaged over a larger area. This difference can probably be detected. Observations during solar eclipses confirm this idea.
The ether wind can have relevance for the orbiting of electrons in atomic clocks. The reason is that the electrons move forth and back in relation to the ether wind. The ether wind changes the form of the Coulomb force field and electrons are therefore accelerated and decelerated during each period of orbiting. This means that we get a clock dilation instead of a time dilation. This dilation is caused by vertical ether wind (instead of GRT) and horizontal ether wind due to satellite speed (instead of SRT in GPS).
The ideas presented here can be tested very easily by the use of an atomic clock. We need only to observe if clock speed is changing when we change clock orientation from horizontal to vertical.
Another method for measuring the one-way speed of light is to use 2 HeNe lasers with high frequency stability and very close in frequency. They should be mounted on a platform with very high mechanical stability and connected over a couple of meters by an optical cable and compared in an interferometer. The direction of measurement should be changed. This method can be seen as a scaled down version of de Witte’s method.
Detecting the ether wind
Detection of a focused beam based on amplitude means that the vector sum of ether wind and wave vector is relevant. However, orientation of wave fronts inside the beam does not depend on ether wind inside these wave fronts. Therefore, detection in a telescope based on phase means that transverse ether wind becomes irrelevant and wave front orientation is detected. However, this apparent orientation depends on the telescope’s state of motion. The reason is the finite time between focusing and detection. Therefore, stellar aberration contains no information about the ether wind (only about the telescope).
In a laser cavity light takes the fastest way between mirrors and wave vector is defined (and not vector sum). Transverse ether wind is irrelevant. No effect in the transverse arm in MMX. In Einstein’s light clock light’s behavior does not change if the equipment is moved inside the planes of the wave fronts and thereby also in the planes of the mirrors. No time dilation. In the longitudinal arm in MMX there is a real effect (due to 465 m/s at the Equator). However, this effect between mirrors is probably compensated by the same effect between atoms in a crystal. The reason to this is that the ether is used to control separation of atoms. Anyhow MMX provides no information about the ether wind.
First order effects of an ether wind are given by Sagnac’s experiments, Sagnac correction in GPS and the measurements by Ruyong Wang.
Second order effects of an ether wind are given by frequency changes in atomic clocks and also by a change in 2-way speed of light observable in the Pioneer anomaly. Gravity is also a second order effect of the ether wind.
Ether wind inside a wave front cannot bend the same wave front. However, bending is possible due to a gradient in the ether wind’s component transverse to the wave front (longitudinal to light). A radial ether wind directed towards our sun can therefore explain observed bending near our sun. This first order effect changes sign in the middle and causes a total effect of second order.
Planck was wrong, or?
Light and other electromagnetic waves are a behavior of the ether caused by moving charges. Light can also affect the behavior of charged particles. The channel for information from light to man is by the means of charged particles. Charged particles is what we can see in photocurrents or in neuron signals. Therefore, Planck’s constant h can indicate quantization of charge (instead of energy). h can be a property of charge quanta and quanta of energy may be not needed.
Photoelectric effect can be an interference effect between light and a tightly bound electron. Light can be changing potential energy in the electron due to a force transverse to motion. In the same way an X-ray wave packet can cause an electron to escape from its atom. The electron can later be captured by another atom whereby an X-ray of lower frequency is generated in a process reverse to the previous one. This can explain the Compton effect.
If we detect light with a charged particle we observe a force proportional to the charge. When the charge is zero the force is zero and no energy is consumed. Bound electrons can therefore generate blackbody radiation without consuming energy. When the detecting charge is introduced energy becomes needed and this energy comes from the ether, not from light. Light can be without energy but nevertheless needed in the transition of energy. We do not need quantum jumping.
John Erik Persson
PS more details can be found on GSJournal under my name. See The Radial Ether Wind and The Falling Ether and Light without Energy.