Open Letter to CNPS Directors
The 200 members of CNPS produce a lot of texts, but not many members appear to read. CNPS cannot advance by writing only. We must also read and discuss, and thereby correct each other. One conference a year is not enough, and not very suitable to people like me, that are not used to speak this language. I think that this blog page is very good in this international society. Although we cannot expect detailed reviews, and not unite in one theory, we nevertheless must try to unite on the interpretations of basic empirical results. SRT is based on stellar aberration and Michelson-Morley’s tests.
The Irrelevance of Transverse Ether Wind
Logic demands the real motion of light to be a vector sum of ether wind and wave velocity. However, this fact is valid only for the beam direction, that can be detected by means of amplitude in focused light only. In most experiments we instead detect by phase, and find wave front orientation represented by the normal to the wave fronts. Therefore, coherent systems are blind to ether wind blowing inside the wave fronts. We instead detect the ray direction, as the normal to the wave fronts. We conclude therefore that transverse ether wind becomes irrelevant and cannot bend a wave front. Such bending demands instead that longitudinal component in the ether wind must have different values in different points in the wave front. This fact implies that stellar aberration cannot tell us anything about the ether wind. Stellar aberration is a measure on changes in telescope motion.
Optical cavities and interferometers generate coherent light and produce standing waves. The behavior of light is defined by longitudinal ether wind and boundary conditions implied by mirrors. Since light takes the fastest, and not the shortest, way between mirrors the ether wind inside the wave fronts is irrelevant and mirrors define wave fronts to always be parallel to the mirrors. This important fact is a consequence of the fact that wave behavior has its own definition in each point on the wave front. The direction of a generated light ray is defined by mirrors and longitudinal ether wind, but transverse ether wind is irrelevant, and this irrelevance means that there is no effect of the ether wind in the transverse arm in Michelson-Morley’s tests and no effect in Einstein’s light clock either. Stokes was wrong, and Einstein abused this mistake to motivate time dilation. We can now conclude that there is an important difference between the real motion of light in the direction of a beam and the ray direction that can be observed by coherent technology and is relevant in most experiments.
The ether is the only tool that atoms can use to control their separations. The atoms must produce some kind of changes in the ether. We can suspect that these changes move with the same speed c as the changes in light. The propagation times for light has been regarded by Michelson as proportional to 1/(c+v) and 1/(c-v). It is very realistic to assume that this fact also is valid for the changes imposed by atoms. This would mean a commonality between information flow between mirrors and between atoms. It is therefore reasonable to assume that the reduction, of second order, of 2-way light speed is compensated by the same effect in the size of a physical body. This makes Michelson-Morley’s test to be a useless method in relation to the ether wind, and explains why tests with cold resonators always give a zero result. We can also conclude that Michelson’s optical standard meter depends on the ether wind to the same extent as the old standard meter in Paris.
The Illusion of Gamma
The interpretations given here indicate that stellar aberration and Michelson-Morley’s tests are both useless in relation to the ether wind. Stokes and Einstein have both used the beam direction instead of the ray direction or in other words: the vector sum instead of wave motion plus longitudinal ether wind. Ignorance of the irrelevance of transverse ether wind in coherent systems made it possible to justify afterwards the factor gamma= (1-v^2/c^2)^-1/2. This factor was originally calculated from absurd assumptions. Many scientists have repeated these calculations, but have not been very critical to the interpretations of stellar aberration and Michelson-Morley’s tests. Therefore, the factor gamma has been a ghost in the brains of scientists for about 100 years.
We have to do some unlearning regarding gamma. However, getting rid of old ideas can sometimes be more difficult than accepting new ideas. Today we have very important results from GPS systems, GPS clocks, Pioneer anomaly and gravitational effects due to tides and solar eclipses. They can all be explained without gamma.
I have advocated these interpretational errors in the 2 most important (in relation to SRT) empirical results to GED, GSJournal, NPA and CNPS for many years with very little feedback from CNPS directors. I therefore conclude that they do not accept my ideas, and I have a hope that they will help me by telling where I am wrong, in their views. This could be done on this blog page, that unfortunately has been used only by a few CNPS directors. It should be used more, at least by the directors.
See my latest article called Physics without Paradoxes.